Magnetic Resonance Studies of Deoxyribonucleoprotein

@article{Bradbury1973MagneticRS,
  title={Magnetic Resonance Studies of Deoxyribonucleoprotein},
  author={E. Bradbury and B. Carpenter and H. Rattle},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1973},
  volume={241},
  pages={123-126}
}
THE structure of chromatin, and the problems of organizing large lengths of DNA within the cell nucleus, are currently of considerable interest. It now appears established that the agents of chromosome structure are the histones found in conjunction with DNA in the chromosome, which may also act at some stage of genetic regulation. Of the five major types of histone fraction normally associated with mammalian genetic material, the lysine-rich histone F1 (or histone I) has some properties which… Expand
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Conformation studies of histone H1(0) in comparison with histones H1 and H5.
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Considerable interest attaches to the findings that another type of mammalian lysine-rich histone H1(0) has an apolar region exhibiting considerable sequence homology with the central globular region of H5. Expand
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In salt-free solutions, each of the four major subfractions show very little change in conformation in going from low to neutral pH, but each shows a very sharp transition near pH 9.5, which gives rise to a marked increase in fluorescence anisotropy and fluorescence intensity, and involves the formation of both alpha and beta strucute in a manner similar to that of the salt-induced state. Expand
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Chromatin contains 3 major components at the molecular level: DNA, histones and non-histones. RNA and, possibly, lipids are present in smaller quantities. Histones are basic proteins strongly boundExpand
Mechanisms of chromatin activation and repression.
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The chapter discusses the gene regulation at the different levels at which the activation or repression of chromatin seems to occur—the whole nucleus, the individual chromosome, the large block of genes, and the individual gene locus. Expand
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Chromatin fragments prepared by brief digestion with DNase II or micrococcal nuclease separated into a family of bands on sucrose gradients, suggesting that chromatin is organized into discrete DNA protein units. Expand
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Bivalent cations are shown to be more effective in dissociating the DNA-histone complex and can be selectively removed from deoxyribonucleoprotein with 0.1m-magnesium chloride. Expand
Conformational Investigations of Histones
WE have carried out some investigations into the conformations of whole histones and histone fractions under various conditions. The experiments on repression of DNA-dependent RNA synthesis withExpand
The isolation and properties of deoxyribonucleoprotein particles containing single nucleic acid molecules
Summary A gel-free solution of deoxyribonucleoprotein was prepared in high yield from calf thymus by maintaining the concentration and ionic strength at very low values and by careful homogenization.Expand
The dissociation of chicken erythrocyte deoxyribonuleoprotein and some properties of its partial nucleoproteins.
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An analysis of the sedimentation of partial dRNP preparations on sucrose gradients showed that native dR NP consists of DNA molecules each complexed with histone fractions of all types. Expand
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TLDR
High resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is used to study conformational changes in histone fractions F2a1 and F1 when the ionic strength of aqueous solutions is raised and the proportion of amino acid residues incorporated into secondary structure is less than that involved in the conformationalChanges indicated by thenuclear magnetic resonance results. Expand
Simple computer-aided approach for the analyses of the nuclear-magnetic-resonance spectra of histones. Fractions F1, Fsa1, F2B, cleaved halves of F2B and F2B-DNA.
TLDR
A simple method for the computer simulation of high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectra is described and applied to the analyses of salt-induced changes in the spectra of histones, which allows the information contained in the spectral envelope to be used and has led to some modifications of the earlier proposals of the segments of histone involved in salt- induced conformational changes, interhistone interactions and interactions with DNA. Expand
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It was concluded that within any one molecule of deoxyribonucleoprotein there is a range of stability of binding of the histone protein to the DNA. Expand
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TLDR
Evidence is presented that in metaphase chromosomes, too, chromatin threads are held together by lysine-rich histones. Expand
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  • Medicine, Chemistry
  • The Biochemical journal
  • 1967
TLDR
A method has been developed for the quantitative determination of the separated histone fractions by measuring the colour yields of dye-histone complexes formed in the gel, and the relative mobilities with respect to a marker protein, bovine plasma albumin. Expand
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