Magnetic Induction Communications for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks

@article{Sun2010MagneticIC,
  title={Magnetic Induction Communications for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks},
  author={Zhi Sun and Ian F. Akyildiz},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation},
  year={2010},
  volume={58},
  pages={2426-2435}
}
  • Zhi Sun, I. Akyildiz
  • Published 22 April 2010
  • Business
  • IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
The main difference between the wireless underground sensor networks (WUSNs) and the terrestrial wireless sensor networks is the signal propagation medium. The underground is a challenging environment for wireless communications since the propagation medium is no longer air but soil, rock and water. The well established wireless signal propagation techniques using electromagnetic (EM) waves do not work well in this environment due to three problems: high path loss, dynamic channel condition and… 
The Magnetic Induction Communications for the Wireless Underground Sensor Networks
TLDR
The details of Bit Error Rate (BER) for 2PSK modulation, path loss and the bandwidth of the Magnetic Induction (MI) 4Systems and Electro Magnetic (EM) Waveguide in the underground environment are evaluated and a new method is introduced via MI waveguide that provided the constant conditions of channel by the small inductive coils.
The Feature of Underground Channel for the Wireless Underground Sensor Networks
The propagation characteristics of Electro Magnetic (EM) waves in the soil and also the significant differences between the propagation in the air prevent us from obtaining one direct feature for
Pulsed power system for wireless underground sensor networks
  • A. M. Zungeru, H. Ezea, J. Katende
  • Business
    2016 Third International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Computer Engineering and their Applications (EECEA)
  • 2016
In wireless underground sensor networks (WUSNs), electronic magnetic waves undergo severe fading due to the underground environment, which is a challenging environment. Magnetic-induction (MI)
Near-field magnetic induction communication device for underground wireless communication networks
TLDR
A near-field low-power communication device with an electrically small antenna for low-frequency UWCNs is proposed in this study and exhibits good performance and can be used as a stand-alone module in directional underground wireless communication.
Comparative analysis of magnetic induction based communication techniques for wireless underground sensor networks
A large range of applications have been identified based upon the communication of underground sensors deeply buried in the soil. The classical electromagnetic wave (EM) approach, which works well
Digital Signal Transmission in Magnetic Induction Based Wireless Underground Sensor Networks
TLDR
Digital transmission schemes are investigated for MI-WUSNs employing two different approaches: direct MI transmission and MI waveguides, where many resonant relay circuits are deployed in the latter between the two nodes to be connected.
Survey on Advances in Magnetic Induction-Based Wireless Underground Sensor Networks
TLDR
The recent advances in the area of MI-WUSNs are discussed, which range from signal transmission techniques and network design to wireless power transfer and localization and new research challenges in this area are provided.
Signal Propagation and Analysis in Wireless Underground Sensor Networks
TLDR
Analytical results of the Magnetic Induction based Pulse Power with an ordinary magnetic induction communication technique show an improvement in Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) and path loss with variation in distance between nodes and frequency of operation.
Interference polarization in magnetic induction based Wireless Underground Sensor Networks
TLDR
This paper investigates the potential of the MI-WUSNs if, in contrast to some previous proposals, no relays are used and exploits the polarization of the used magnetic antennas (coils) by optimizing their orientation, which corresponds to the overall network capacity.
An Efficient MI Waveguide Based Underground Wireless Communication for Smart Irrigation
  • S. Swathi, S. Santhanam
  • Computer Science
    2017 14th IEEE India Council International Conference (INDICON)
  • 2017
TLDR
Analysis on the performance of the underground channel using EM, MI and Magnetic Induction waveguide (MIWG) is carried and simulation results show that path loss in UG channel is reduced by 46% when MI waveguide technique is used instead of EM waves.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Characteristics of Underground Channel for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks
Wireless Underground Sensor Networks (WUSN) constitute one of the promising application areas of the recently developed wireless sensor networking techniques. The main difference between WUSN and the
Wireless Underground Sensor Networks
TLDR
The principles and guidelines for developing the MI underground communication testbed are provided, which is very complicated and time consuming due to the new communication mechanism and the new wireless transmission medium.
Magnetic Induction IC for Wireless Communication in RF-Impenetrable Media
  • N. Jack, K. Shenai
  • Computer Science
    2007 IEEE Workshop on Microelectronics and Electron Devices
  • 2007
TLDR
This novel technology will enable the unsightly and obtrusive sensors in athletic large-scale deployment of underground wireless soil sensor fields or home lawns undesirable, using this technology in medical, underground network of sensors, they must be connected military, underwater, or other RF-impenetrable environments, together via multiple cables, or wirelessly on the surface via where large scale sensor deployment would be advantageous.
Development of a Testbed for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks
TLDR
This is the first work that proposes guidelines for the development of an outdoor W USN testbed with the goals of improving the accuracy and reducing of time for WUSN experiments.
Magneto-inductive (MI) communications
TLDR
Coastal Systems Station (CSS), with its industrial partner Magneto-Inductive Systems Limited (MISL), has developed and refined unique magneto-inductive communication, signaling and navigation concepts and hardware that use quasi-static AC magnetic fields as the channel.
Low-loss magneto-inductive waveguides
Radio-frequency experimental measurements of magnetically coupled chains of L-C resonators supporting magneto-inductive (MI) waves are presented. MI waveguides are constructed using printed circuit
Magnetoinductive waves in one, two, and three dimensions
The propagation of waves supported by capacitively loaded loops is investigated using a circuit model in which each loop is coupled magnetically to a number of other loops. Since the coupling is due
Wireless sensor networks: a survey
Magneto-inductive waveguide devices
Devices formed from magneto-inductive waveguides based on coupled loop resonators are considered using simple analytic theory, initially assuming lossless propagation and nearest-neighbour coupling.
...
...