Magnesium oxide administration and prevention of calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis.


We studied the effect of oral administration of magnesium oxide (MgO) on calcium oxalate (CaOx) nephrolithiasis in rats. Nephrolithiasis was induced by administration of 1.0% ethylene glycol (EG) in drinking water. Magnesium oxide was given mixed with food at 500 mg./100 g. rat chow. Dispensation of MgO resulted in a significant increase of urinary pH and a modest increase in urinary excretion of citrate. Urinary excretion of oxalate started to decline by day 14 and was significantly reduced on days 21 and 28. All rats receiving EG displayed crystalluria. From the group receiving EG only, 3 of 4 rats sacrificed on day 15 and 2 of 4 rats sacrificed on day 29 had CaOx crystal deposits in their kidneys. None of the 8 rats who received both EG and MgO had CaOx nephrolithiasis. Thus our findings indicate that dispensation of magnesium as MgO can be beneficial against calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis.

Citations per Year

997 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 997 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Khan1993MagnesiumOA, title={Magnesium oxide administration and prevention of calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis.}, author={Saeed R Khan and Paula N. Shevock and Raymond L. Hackett}, journal={The Journal of urology}, year={1993}, volume={149 2}, pages={412-6} }