Magnesium deficiency improves glucose homeostasis in the rat: studies in vivo and in isolated islets in vitro.

Abstract

The serum mineral levels, glucose disappearance rate (kg), total area under the glucose (DeltaG) and insulin (DeltaI) curves, and static insulin secretion were compared among rats fed a Mg-deficient diet for 6 (DF-6) or 11 (DF-11) weeks, and rats fed a control diet for the same periods (CO-6 and CO-11 groups). No change in glucose homeostasis was observed among DF-6, CO-6 and CO-11 rats. DF-11 rats showed an elevated kg and a reduced DeltaG and DeltaI. For evaluating the effect of supplementation, rats fed a control or Mg-deficient diet for 6 weeks were then fed a Mg- supplemented diet for 5 weeks (SCO and SDF groups respectively). The serum Mg levels in SDF rats were similar to those in CO-11 and SCO rats, but higher than in the DF-11 group. SDF rats showed similar kg, DeltaG and DeltaI compared with the CO-11 and SCO groups. However, a significantly lower kg and higher DeltaG and DeltaI were observed in SDF compared with DF-11 rats. Basal and 8.3 mmol glucose/l-stimulated insulin secretion by islets from DF-11 rats were higher than by islets from CO-11 rats. These results indicate that moderate Mg depletion for a long period may increase the secretion and sensitivity to insulin, while Mg supplementation in formerly Mg-deficient rats may prevent the increase in sensitivity and secretion of insulin.

Cite this paper

@article{Reis2001MagnesiumDI, title={Magnesium deficiency improves glucose homeostasis in the rat: studies in vivo and in isolated islets in vitro.}, author={Moshe A. Reis and M{\'a}rcia Queiroz Latorraca and Everardo Magalh{\~a}es Carneiro and Ant{\^o}nio Carlos Boschero and M{\'a}rio Jos{\'e} Abdalla Saad and Licio A Velloso and Fritzie G. Reyes}, journal={The British journal of nutrition}, year={2001}, volume={85 5}, pages={549-52} }