Magnesium chemistry and biochemistry

@article{Maguire2004MagnesiumCA,
  title={Magnesium chemistry and biochemistry},
  author={M. Maguire and J. Cowan},
  journal={Biometals},
  year={2004},
  volume={15},
  pages={203-210}
}
Magnesium apparently derives its name from Magnesia, a district in the Volos area of Thessaly in northeastern Greece. It was used to refer to any of several minerals ranging from magnesite (magnesium carbonate or ‘magnesia alba’) to magnetite (manganese dioxide or ‘magnesia nigra’) and also magnesia stone (talc or soapstone), a magnesium silicate. However, there are also two ancient towns in Asia Minor named Magnesia from the Greek word magnes used to refer to the magnetic iron ore discovered… Expand
The significance of Mg in prebiotic geochemistry
  • N. Holm
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Geobiology
  • 2012
TLDR
The central role of Mg2+ in the function of ribozymes and its ‘archaic’ position in ribosomes, and the fact that magnesium generally has coordination properties different from other cations, suggests that the inorganic chemistry of magnesium had a key position in the first chemical processes leading to the origin and early evolution of life. Expand
Microbially Induced Magnesium Carbonate Precipitation and its Potential Application in Combating Desertification
  • Menglong Zhang, Liang Zhao, +6 authors Jun Chen
  • Environmental Science
  • 2021
Abstract This study investigated the reaction processes of microbially induced magnesium carbonate precipitation (MIMP) with Sporosarcina pasteurii (ATCC 11859) and evaluated its feasibility forExpand
Dissolution of Mg Fertilizer and Its Availability in Cassava in Tropical Upland Soils
ABSTRACT Effect of magnesium chloride (MgCl2) and dolomite on magnesium (Mg) availability cassava was observed by a pot experiment under greenhouse condition in three Paleustults. Their waterExpand
Synthesis and Chemical and Biological Evaluation of a Glycine Tripeptide Chelate of Magnesium
TLDR
The synthesis, chemical and physical characterization, and cellular uptake of a magnesium triglycine chelate (MgG3), an octahedral complex with extraordinary water solubility and improved cellular uptake in CaCo-2 cells than select commonly used magnesium supplements are discussed. Expand
Comparative spectroscopic analysis of nordihydroguaiaretic acid and related natural products to inhibition of calcium oxalate calculi
The prevalence of urolithiasis is still increasing worldwide. The goal of this study is to achieve a better understanding, from a comparative spectroscopic perspective, of the differences provided byExpand
Timeline (Bioavailability) of Magnesium Compounds in Hours: Which Magnesium Compound Works Best?
TLDR
Magnesium acetyl taurate was rapidly absorbed, able to pass through to the brain easily, had the highest tissue concentration level in the brain, and was found to be associated with decreased anxiety indicators. Expand
A study on the influence of sodium carbonate concentration on the synthesis of high Mg calcites
Well crystallized high Mg calcites in pure phase with Mg contents higher than 50 mol%, so-called protodolomite, have not been synthesized in the laboratories to our knowledge. In this work, theExpand
Evaluation of Inorganic Elements in Herbal preparation by FAAS and FES
In this study four inorganic elements i.e. sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium were estimated in eleven locally available herbal preparations used as sex stimulants using Flame Atomic AbsorptionExpand
Magnesium-based bioceramics in orthopedic applications.
TLDR
The biological in vitro and in vivo properties of magnesium phosphates for bone regeneration are summarized, which show promising results regarding the application as bone replacement material, but still lack in terms of testing in large animal models, load-bearing application sites and clinical data. Expand
Magnesium and calcium isotope systematics in a headwater catchment underlain by amphibolite: Constraints on Mg–Ca biogeochemistry in an atmospherically polluted but well-buffered spruce ecosystem (Czech Republic, Central Europe)
Abstract Lithogenic and biologically-fractionated magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) are viewed as alternative controls of the δ26Mg and δ44Ca isotope signatures of streams and rivers. Understanding ofExpand
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