Magnesium and its alloys as orthopedic biomaterials: a review.

  title={Magnesium and its alloys as orthopedic biomaterials: a review.},
  author={Mark P. Staiger and Alexis Mari Pietak and Jerawala Huadmai and George Dias},
  volume={27 9},
Medical application of magnesium and its alloys as degradable biomaterials
Magnesium and its alloys are biodegradable metals and exhibit improved mechanical properties and corrosion resistance compared to pure magnesium and industrial magnesium alloys.
Biodegradable Mg and Mg based alloys for biomedical implants
Abstract Mg and its alloys become natural biomaterials as the elemental Mg is found in the human body in abundance and their mechanical properties being akin to the natural bone as well as due to
A review on magnesium alloys as biodegradable materials
Magnesium alloys attracted great attention as a new kind of degradable biomaterials. One research direction of biomedical magnesium alloys is based on the industrial magnesium alloys system, and
Coating Systems for Magnesium‐Based Biomaterials ‐ State of the Art
Magnesium and its alloys have the potential to be used for biodegradable orthopedic implants. However, the corrosion rate in physiological conditions is too high for most applications. For this
Mechanical properties of magnesium alloys for medical application: A review.
Biodegradable Magnesium Alloys: A Review of Material Development and Applications
In this Review, a Summary Is Presented for Magnesium Material Development, Biocorrosion Characteristics, as well as a Biological Translation for these Results.
Biodegradable Metals for Orthopedic Applications
A new round of studies on biodegradable metals from the end of last century has made remarkable progress as magnesium based alloys are now represented in orthopedic implants. The development is
Progress and Challenge for Magnesium Alloys as Biomaterials
Magnesium alloys are very biocompatiable and show promise for use in orthopaedic implant. Significant progress of research on bioabsorbable magnesium stents and orthopaedic bones has been achieved in
Magnesium as a biodegradable and bioabsorbable material for medical implants
For many years, stainless steel, cobalt-chromium, and titanium alloys have been the primary biomaterials used for load-bearing applications. However, as the need for structural materials in temporary


Recent metallic materials for biomedical applications
Metallic biomaterials are mainly used for replacing failed hard tissue. The main metallic biomaterials are stainless steels, Co-based alloys, and titanium and its alloys. Recently, titanium alloys
Biological Evaluation of Bioceramic Materials - A Review
In this review an attempt has been made to elicit some of the in vivo and in vitro studies performed on bioceramics, ceramic/ceramic composites and their applications as implants.
Biomimetic Hydroxyapatite Coating on Metal Implants
The combination of the high mechanical strength of metals with the osteoconductive properties of calcium phosphates make hydroxyapatite coatings on titanium implants widely used in orthopedic
Hyrdoxyapatite Coatings on Titanium
Some ceramics, including calcium phosphates and certain glasses and glass-ceramics, form an important class of bioactive materials that are used extensively in repair and reconstruction of diseased
Magnesium alloys, now obtainable on the commercial market, provide a metallic substance which not only fulfils the required characteristics of rigidity and strength for the internal retention of bone
The Effect of Magnesium Ions on Bone Bonding to Hydroxyapatite Coating on Titanium Alloy Implants
After 6 weeks implantation in the NZW rabbit, statistically si gnificant enhanced bone bonding, measured as interfacial shear strength, has been demonstrated with Mg ion beam embedded HA coated TiAlV
In vivo evaluation of a biomimetic apatite coating grown on titanium surfaces.
This coating may, therefore, be useful in facilitating early bone ingrowth into porous surfaces without the potential for coating debris, macrophage infiltration, fibrous tissue encapsulation, and eventual coating failure as may occur with current plasma-sprayed hydroxapatite coating techniques.