Magnesium Metabolism: A Review

@inproceedings{Ebel1980MagnesiumMA,
  title={Magnesium Metabolism: A Review},
  author={Hans Ebel and Theodor G{\"u}nther},
  booktitle={Journal of clinical chemistry and clinical biochemistry. Zeitschrift fur klinische Chemie und klinische Biochemie},
  year={1980}
}
The main literature concerning the physiology and biochemistry as well as the pathophysiology and pathobiochemistry of magnesium is reviewed, including: Distribution and physico-chemical state of magnesium in the extracellular and intracellular fluid as well as in the subcellular organelles (membranes, mitochondria, microsomes, ribosomes). Intestinal resorption, transport across membranes and excretion by the kidney. Hormonal regulation of magnesium distribution and its clinical disturbances… 

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References

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TLDR
It is suggested that the slight effect of vitamin D on magnesium absorption may be incidental to its stimulation of active calcium transport, since the latter system has weak affinities for other alkaline earth ions including strontium, barium and magnesium.
In vivo transport of magnesium and other cations across the wall of the gastro‐intestinal tract of sheep
TLDR
The present work was carried out not only to verify the principal site of net magnesium absorption but also to investigate the mechanism by which this absorption takes place, in view of the evidence that there may be a common transport system for magnesium and calcium.
The effects of synthetic human and salmon calcitonins on electrolyte excretion in the rat.
TLDR
Larger doses of salmon calcitonin produced less depression of calcium and magnesium excretion even in the presence of a greater fall in plasma calcium, and small doses of both hormones decreased urinarycium and magnesium.
The effect of glucose on urinary cation excretion during chronic extracellular volume expansion in normal man.
TLDR
It is proposed that the availability of glucose in the proximal tubule stimulates Na re absorption while delaying development of a chloride diffusion potential, thereby inhibiting tubular reabsorption of Ca and Mg.
Activation and Inhibition of the Mg-Ca-ATPase from E. coli by Mg2+ and Ca2+
TLDR
The real Km of the Mg-Ca-ATPase is smaller than reported in the literature because H+ competes with Mg2+ or Ca2+ for the metal binding sites.
Hypomagnesemia with tetany in nontropical sprue.
TLDR
A number of reports have appeared recently describing the clinical manifestations of magnesium deficiency, and the use of simpler and more reliable methods for its estimation is suggested.
Habilitationsschrift, Freie Universität Berlin
  • 1965
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