Magnesium Deficiency: What Is Our Status?

  title={Magnesium Deficiency: What Is Our Status?},
  author={Adela Hruby and Nicola M. McKeown},
  journal={Nutrition Today},
Low magnesium intake has been implicated in a broad range of cardiometabolic conditions, including diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. Dietary magnesium and total body magnesium status are widely used but imperfect biomarkers in serum magnesium. Despite serum magnesium’s limitations, it is nevertheless observed to be lower in those with cardiometabolic disease than in generally healthy people. Although some 50% of Americans do not meet recommended levels of magnesium intake, the… 

Scottsdale Magnesium Study: Absorption, Cellular Uptake, and Clinical Effectiveness of a Timed-Release Magnesium Supplement in a Standard Adult Clinical Population

ABSTRACT Objective: Suboptimal magnesium status is likely widespread in the United States and increasing evidence links it to many chronic diseases. Therapeutically addressing magnesium status can be

Magnesium Intake, Quality of Carbohydrates, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: Results From Three U.S. Cohorts

Higher magnesium intake is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, especially in the context of lower carbohydrate–quality diets, as well as the joint associations of magnesium and carbohydrate quality on diabetes risk.

Study of the Total Serum Concentration of Serrum Ionized Magnesium in Children and Adolescents from Sibiu Area

The results of this study reflect more accurately the real reference range for the population in the Sibiu area, helping clinicians to establish a diagnosis as quickly and accurate as possible.

Magnesium and COVID-19 – Some Further Comments – A Commentary on Wallace TC. Combating COVID-19 and Building Immune Resilience: A Potential Role for Magnesium Nutrition? J Am Coll Nutr. 2020;1–9. doi:10.1080/07315724.2020.1785971. Cited in: PMID: 32649272

The importance of adequate magnesium (Mg) supply in relation to COVID-19 is highlighted and TC Wallace notes that Mg deficiency is associated with low-grade chronic inflammation and hypokalemia and a lack of active Vitamin D are consequences of a Mg deficit.

Soybean Seedlings Enriched with Iron and Magnesium - Impact on Germination, Growth and Antioxidant Properties

Abstract Iron (Fe) and magnesium (Mg) deficiency in human diets is a widespread problem observed in various regions of the world. Insufficient Fe uptake results in the development of iron dependent

A Systematic Review of the Effects of Nutrient Intake in Handball Players on Exercise Performance

The nutritional habits of handball players do not seem to be adequate to the demands of the sport, although these demands are not clarified, and the inclusion of nutrition professionals could be a key element in the performance of these athletes.

Magnesium – essenzieller Mineralstoff für Therapie und Prävention

  • J. Vormann
  • Chemistry
    Zeitschrift für Komplementärmedizin
  • 2020
Summary Der Mineralstoff Magnesium übernimmt eine Vielzahl wichtiger Funktionen im Körper. Eine gute Versorgung mit Magnesium ist wichtig, um einer Reihe von Krankheiten vorzubeugen. Gleichzeitig

Unterschätzter Risikofaktor vieler Krankheiten – Wie lässt sich ein Magnesiummangel nachweisen?

  • J. VormannT. Werner
  • Medicine
    Journal für Mineralstoffwechsel & Muskuloskelettale Erkrankungen
  • 2019
A reduced serum magnesium concentration (<0.85 mmol/l) is a reliable measure of a deficit, however, clinical signs of magnesium deficiency may be overt prior to reduced serum concentrations.

Ernährungsbedingte Risiken sind die wichtigsten Faktoren für chronische Erkrankungen

  • J. Vormann
  • Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin / Swiss Journal of Integrative Medicine
  • 2017

There is chronic latent magnesium deficiency in apparently healthy university students.

There was a high frequency of subclinical magnesium deficiency in the adults assessed, that could be related to low dietary magnesium intake.

Magnesium in man: implications for health and disease.

An extensive and comprehensive overview of Mg(2+) research over the last few decades is provided, focusing on the regulation of M g(2+) homeostasis in the intestine, kidney, and bone and disturbances which may result in hypomagnesemia.

Magnesium in disease prevention and overall health.

  • S. Volpe
  • Medicine
    Advances in nutrition
  • 2013
This review presents recent research in the areas of magnesium and chronic disease, with the goal of emphasizing magnesium's role in disease prevention and overall health.

Serum ionized magnesium in diabetic older persons.

Correlation of magnesium intake with metabolic parameters, depression and physical activity in elderly type 2 diabetes patients: a cross-sectional study

The majority of elderly type 2 diabetes patients who have low magnesium intake may compound this deficiency with metabolic abnormalities and depression, and future studies should determine the effects of increased magnesium intake or magnesium supplementation on metabolic control and depression in elderly people with type 1 diabetes.

The Relationship between Hypomagnesemia, Metformin Therapy and Cardiovascular Disease Complicating Type 2 Diabetes: The Fremantle Diabetes Study

Since hypomagnesemia appears to be an independent risk factor for CVD complicating type 2 diabetes, the value of replacement therapy should be investigated further, especially in patients at high CVD risk.

Hypomagnesaemia is associated with diabetes: Not pre-diabetes, obesity or the metabolic syndrome.

Magnesium metabolism in type 2 diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance.

Serum and intracellular magnesium deficiency in patients with metabolic syndrome--evidences for its relation to insulin resistance.

Diabetes Is the Main Factor Accounting for Hypomagnesemia in Obese Subjects

Evidence is provided that the presence of diabetes and the degree of metabolic control are essential in accounting for the lower levels of magnesium that exist in obese subjects.