Madjedbebe and genomic histories of Aboriginal Australia

  title={Madjedbebe and genomic histories of Aboriginal Australia},
  author={Joe Dortch and Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas},
  journal={Australian Archaeology},
  pages={174 - 177}
settlement of arid Australia. Nature 539(7628):280–283. Langley, M.C., C. Clarkson and S. Ulm 2011 From small holes to grand narratives: the impact of taphonomy and sample size on the modernity debate in Australia and New Guinea. Journal of Human Evolution 61(2):197–208. O’Connor, S., T. Maloney, D. Vannieuwenhuyse, J. Balme and R. Wood 2014 Occupation at Carpenter’s Gap 3, Windjana Gorge, Kimberley, Western Australia. Australian Archaeology 78(1):10–23. Ramsey, C.B. 2009 Bayesian analysis of… Expand
Reply to comments on Clarkson et al. (2017) ‘Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago’
We thank the authors for their comments in the previous issue of Australian Archaeology. The 2012-2015 research at Madjedbebe offers a new and comprehensive look at the early occupation of Sahul andExpand
When did Homo sapiens first reach Southeast Asia and Sahul?
Evidence for AMH arrival on an arc spanning South China through Sahul and then evaluate data from Madjedbebe finds that an age estimate of >50 ka for this site is unlikely to be valid, and suggests that AMH may have moved far beyond Africa well before 50–55 ka. Expand
Stochastic models support rapid peopling of Late Pleistocene Sahul
An advanced stochastic-ecological model is presented to test the relative support for scenarios describing where and when the first humans entered Sahul, and their most probable routes of early settlement, and predicts that peopling of the entire continent occurred rapidly across all ecological environments within 156–208 human generations and at a plausible rate of 0.71–0.92 km year−1. Expand
Early human occupation of southeastern Australia: New insights from 40Ar/39Ar dating of young volcanoes
In Australia, the onset of human occupation (≥65 ka?) and dispersion across the continent are the subjects of intense debate and are critical to understanding global human migration routes.Expand
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Abstract The Quaternary is well known for being a period of the geological record that saw significant and alternating climatic fluctuations. Here, we concentrate on the last 94 millennia that sawExpand
Marine isotope stage 4 in Australasia: A full glacial culminating 65,000 years ago – Global connections and implications for human dispersal
PatrickDe Deckker, Lee J.Arnold, Sandervan der Kaars, Germain Bayone, Jan-Berend W.Stuut, Kerstin Perner, Raquel Lopes dos Santos, Ryu Uemura, Martina Demuro
A different paradigm for the colonisation of Sahul
Allen and O’Connell published “A different paradigm for the initial colonisation of Sahul” in the first number of Archaeology in Oceania this year (55: 1–14). We invited comments from severalExpand


A genomic history of Aboriginal Australia
A population expansion in northeast Australia during the Holocene epoch associated with limited gene flow from this region to the rest of Australia, consistent with the spread of the Pama–Nyungan languages is inferred. Expand
Aboriginal mitogenomes reveal 50,000 years of regionalism in Australia
111 mitochondrial genomes from historical Aboriginal Australian hair samples are reported, whose origins enable us to reconstruct Australian phylogeographic history before European settlement, and find evidence for the continuous presence of populations in discrete geographic areas dating back to around 50 ka. Expand
Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago
The results of new excavations conducted at Madjedbebe, a rock shelter in northern Australia, set a new minimum age of around 65,000 years ago for the arrival of humans in Australia, the dispersal of modern humans out of Africa, and the subsequent interactions ofmodern humans with Neanderthals and Denisovans. Expand
Rethinking the dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa
The emerging picture of the dispersal process suggests dynamic behavioral variability, complex interactions between populations, and an intricate genetic and cultural legacy in Homo sapiens out of Africa. Expand
The process, biotic impact, and global implications of the human colonization of Sahul about 47,000 years ago
Comprehensive review of archaeological data shows that Sahul (Pleistocene Australia-New Guinea) was first occupied by humans ca. 47 ka (47,000 years ago); evidence for earlier arrival is weak.Expand
Genomic analyses inform on migration events during the peopling of Eurasia
A genetic signature in present-day Papuans that suggests that at least 2% of their genome originates from an early and largely extinct expansion of anatomically modern humans (AMHs) out of Africa earlier than 75,000 years ago is found. Expand
An early modern human presence in Sumatra 73,000–63,000 years ago
Lida Ajer represents, to the authors' knowledge, the earliest evidence of rainforest occupation by AMH, and underscores the importance of reassessing the timing and environmental context of the dispersal of modern humans out of Africa. Expand
Discovery curves, colonisation and Madjedbebe
Debates about the colonisation of Sahul have focused on individual sites and the quality of dating. But this is only a first step towards building an understanding of the antiquity of humans in thisExpand
The Combined Landscape of Denisovan and Neanderthal Ancestry in Present-Day Humans
Methods that can disambiguate the locations of segments of Denisovan and Neanderthal ancestry in present-day humans are developed and applied to 257 high-coverage genomes from 120 diverse populations, among which were 20 individual Oceanians with high Denisovan ancestry. Expand
The archaeology, chronology and stratigraphy of Madjedbebe (Malakunanja II): A site in northern Australia with early occupation.
The stone artefacts and stratigraphic details support previous claims for human occupation 50-60 ka and show that human occupation during this time differed from later periods, as well as discussing the implications of these new data for understanding the first human colonisation of Sahul. Expand