Macrosystems ecology : understanding ecological patterns and processes at continental scales

  title={Macrosystems ecology : understanding ecological patterns and processes at continental scales},
  author={James B. Heffernan and Patricia A Soranno and Michael J Angilletta and Lauren B Buckley and Daniel S Gruner and Tim H. Keitt and James R. Kellner and John S Kominoski and Adrian V. Rocha and Jingfeng Xiao and Tamara K. Harms and Simon J Goring and Lauren E. Koenig and W. H. McDowell and Heather Powell and Andrew J. Richardson and Craig A. Stow and Rodrigo Vargas and Kathleen C. Weathers},
© The Ecological Society of America I this paper, we present a conceptual framework for investigating ecological patterns and processes at regional to continental scales. Ecological phenomena operate across a range of scales (Figure 1), but the development of ecological theory of regions to continents lags behind that of finer scales. Better understanding of broad scales is needed because these are the extents over which many environmental problems have their causes… CONTINUE READING
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