Halichondrin B is an antimitotic drug that inhibits microtubule assembly. To understand the molecular details of its interaction with tubulin, we investigated the binding of two halichondrin B analogues, eribulin (previously, ER-086526, E7389) and ER-076349, to tubulin by quantitative analytical ultracentrifugation. Eribulin is currently undergoing phase III clinical trials for cancer; ER-076349 is a closely related analogue with C.35 hydroxyl instead of C.35 primary amine [Towle, M. J., et al. (2001) Cancer Res. 61, 1013]. Below the critical concentration for microtubule assembly and in the presence of GDP, tubulin undergoes weak self-association into short curved oligomers. Eribulin inhibits this oligomer formation 4-6-fold, while ER-076349 slightly stimulates oligomer formation by 2-fold. This is in contrast to vinblastine which strongly stimulates large spiral polymers by 1000-fold under these same conditions. Vinblastine-induced spiral formation is strongly inhibited by both eribulin and ER-076349. Colchicine binding to the intradimer interface has no significant effect on small oligomer formation or the inhibitory activity of eribulin on this process. These results suggest that halichondrin B analogues bind to the interdimer interface or to the beta-subunit alone, disrupt polymer stability, and compete with vinblastine-induced spiral formation. Stathmin is known to form a tight 1:2 complex with tubulin. Eribulin strongly inhibits formation of the 1:2 stathmin-tubulin complex (>3.3 kcal/mol), while ER-076349 weakens formation of the 1:2 complex by approximately 1.9 kcal/mol. These results suggest that eribulin is a global inhibitor of tubulin polymer formation, disrupting tubulin-tubulin contacts at the interdimer interface. ER-076349 also perturbs tubulin-tubulin contacts, but in a more polymer specific manner, reflecting adaptability of the interdimer interface to drug and polymer polymorphism. These results suggest halichondrin B analogues exhibit unique tubulin-based activities that may underlie the clinical utility of these compounds.