Macroevolution is more than repeated rounds of microevolution

@article{Erwin2000MacroevolutionIM,
  title={Macroevolution is more than repeated rounds of microevolution},
  author={D. Erwin},
  journal={Evolution \& Development},
  year={2000},
  volume={2}
}
  • D. Erwin
  • Published 2000
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution & Development
SUMMARY Arguments over macroevolution versus microevolution have waxed and waned through most of the twentieth century. Initially, paleontologists and other evolutionary biologists advanced a variety of non‐Darwinian evolutionary processes as explanations for patterns found in the fossil record, emphasizing macroevolution as a source of morphologic novelty. Later, paleontologists, from Simpson to Gould, Stanley, and others, accepted the primacy of natural selection but argued that rapid… Expand

Paper Mentions

Blog Post
Blog Post
Macroevolution and Microevolution: Issues of Time Scale in Evolutionary Biology
TLDR
It is shown that the mathematical differences between micro and macroevolution are more general, and therefore may challenge the extrapolation thesis even if empirical facts do not support the biological differences. Expand
The continuity of microevolution and macroevolution
TLDR
It is argued that the paradox inferred by trend opposition is eliminated by a hierarchical application of the ‘geometric‐mean fitness’ principle, a principle that has been invoked only within the limited context of microevolution in response to environmental variance. Expand
Micro- and macroevolution: scale and hierarchy in evolutionary biology and paleobiology
TLDR
The discordance across hierarchical levels in the production of evolutionary novelties through time, and among latitudes and environments, is an intriguing paleontological pattern whose explanation is controversial, in part because separating effects of genetics and ecology has proven difficult. Expand
Phylogenies and the New Evolutionary Synthesis
TLDR
It is now finally being recognized as the only way to fully explain the patterns and processes that have led to the present diversity of life is a more holistic approach based on robust phylogenies, sound biogeographical data, a good fossil record and molecular developmental information. Expand
THE MACROEVOLUTION OF PHENOTYPIC INTEGRATION
TLDR
Recognizing the status of phenotypic integration in macroevolution and its relationship with various genetic, developmental, and ecological approaches may help dissolve residual tensions between macroev evolutionists and microevolutionists (notwithstanding the fact that some scholars may belong to both communities without apparent loss of sanity!). Expand
The origin of higher taxa: macroevolutionary processes, and the case of the mammals
TLDR
The reconstructed sequence of acquisition of mammalian traits supports the correlated progression model, and inferred speciation bias in favour of relatively small, relatively more progressive carnivores indicates that species selection was also involved in driving the trend. Expand
FRONTIERS IN PALAEONTOLOGY
Definitions of macroevolution fall into three categories: (1) evolution of taxa of supraspecific rank; (2) evolution on the grand time-scale; and (3) evolution that is guided by sorting ofExpand
Tempo and constraint of adaptive evolution in Escherichia coli (Enterobacteriaceae, Enterobacteriales)
TLDR
This study details the tempo of fitness gain over 2000 generations in four replicate lineages from each of five different ancestral Escherichia coli clones and suggests the existence of both ancestor and clade specific constraints. Expand
MACROEVOLUTION AND MACROECOLOGY THROUGH DEEP TIME
TLDR
The fossil record documents two mutually exclusive macroevolutionary modes separated by the transitional Ediacaran Period, which reinvented the rules of macroecology through their invention of multitrophic food webs, large body size, life-history trade-offs, ecological succession, biogeography, major increases in standing biomass, eukaryote-dominated phytoplankton and the potential for mass extinction. Expand
A plastic boomerang: speciation and intraspecific evolution in the Cretaceous bivalve Actinoceramus
TLDR
From census and biometric analyses of stratigraphically constrained samples, it is inferred that morphological change was not focused at speciation and the pattern of evolution does not conform to the classical paradigm of punctuated equilibrium, and that observed patterns are best explained by phyletic evolution, at widely varying rates, combined with ecophenotypic plasticity. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 82 REFERENCES
Macroevolution: Pattern and Process
TLDR
It is argued that only "quantum speciation" (rapid and radically divergent), can explain the story of life revealed in the fossil record; macroevolution, he contends, cannot be attributed to microevolutionary forces such as mutation, genetic drift and natural selection. Expand
Tempo and mode in the macroevolutionary reconstruction of Darwinism.
  • S. Gould
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1994
TLDR
It is argued that Simpson was unduly pessimistic and that modernism's belief in reductionistic unification needs to be supplanted by a postmodernist commitment to pluralism and multiple levels of causation. Expand
Background and Mass Extinctions: The Alternation of Macroevolutionary Regimes
Comparison of evolutionary patterns among Late Cretaceous marine bivalves and gastropods during times of normal, background levels of extinction and during the end-Cretaceous mass extinctionExpand
PERSPECTIVE: EVOLUTIONARY PATTERNS IN THE FOSSIL RECORD
  • M. Foote
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1996
TLDR
This work states that important inferences about the history of life based on nongenealogical data have later been corroborated with genealogical and other analyses, suggesting that the authors risk an enormous loss of knowledge and understanding if they categorically dismiss nonphylogenetic data. Expand
PROGRESSIVE VACATING OF ADAPTIVE TYPES DURING THE PHANEROZOIC
  • R. R. Strathmann
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1978
TLDR
The hypothesis that decreases in adaptive variation occur for certain types of traits over long periods is difficult to test by experiments or correlation, but erroneously rejecting the hypothesis nevertheless has practical consequences: inferences based on some optimization models for adaptation may be misleading in studies of existing organisms even when optima are correctly predicted. Expand
Resynthesizing evolutionary and developmental biology.
TLDR
A new and more robust evolutionary synthesis is emerging that attempts to explain macroevolution as well as microevolutionary events, and the morphogenetic field is seen as a major unit of ontogeny whose changes bring about changes in evolution. Expand
The Origin of Bodyplans
TLDR
The nested hierarchical structure of developmental control genes and bodyplan originations suggests certain temporal inhomogeneities to the evolutionary process: as certain developmental patterns are established they limit subsequent evolutionary trajectories. Expand
Tempo and mode of speciation in the sea.
The theory of punctuated equilibria proposed that most fossil species exhibit morphological stasis for millions of years between geologically instantaneous shifts in morphology associated withExpand
The paradox of the first tier; an agenda for paleobiology
TLDR
It is proposed that the authors consider distinct processes at three separable tiers of time: ecological moments, normal geological time (trends during millions of years), and periodic mass extinctions. Expand
The biology of mass extinction: a palaeontological view.
  • D. Jablonski
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 1989
TLDR
Taxa and adaptations can be lost not because they were poorly adapted by the standards of the background processes that constitute the bulk of geological time, but because they lacked--or were not linked to--the organismic, species-level or clade-level traits favoured under mass-extinction conditions. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...