Macrocyclic diorganotin complexes of gamma-amino acid dithiocarbamates as hosts for ion-pair recognition.


The dimethyl-, di-n-butyl-, and diphenyltin(IV) dithiocarbamate (dtc) complexes [{R2Sn(L-dtc)}x] 1-7 (1, L = L1, R = Me; 2, L = L1, R = n-Bu; 3, L = L2, R = Me, x = infinity; 4, L = L2, R = n-Bu; 5, L = L3, R = Me, x = 2; 6, L = L3, R = n-Bu, x = 2; 7, L = L3, R = Ph, x = 2) have been prepared from a series of secondary amino acid (AA) homologues as starting materials: N-benzylglycine (alpha-AA derivative = L1), N-benzyl-3-aminopropionic acid (beta-AA derivative = L2), and N-benzyl-4-aminobutyric acid (gamma-AA derivative = L3). The resulting compounds have been characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectrometry, IR and NMR ((1)H, (13)C, and (119)Sn) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and X-ray crystallography, showing that in all complexes both functional groups of the heteroleptic ligands are coordinated to the tin atoms. By X-ray diffraction analysis, it could be shown that [{Me2Sn(L2-dtc)}x] (3) is polymeric in the solid state, while the complexes derived from L3 (5-7) have dinuclear 18-membered macrocyclic structures of the composition [{R2Sn(L3-dtc)}2]. For the remaining compounds, it could not be established with certainty whether the structures are macrocyclic or polymeric. A theoretical investigation at the B3LYP/SBKJC(d,p) level of theory indicated that the alpha-AA-dtc complexes might have trinuclear macrocyclic structures. The macrocyclic complexes 5-7 have a double-calix-shaped conformation with two cavities large enough for the inclusion of aliphatic and aromatic guest molecules. They are self-complementary for the formation of supramolecuar synthons that give rise to 1D molecular arrangements in the solid state. Preliminary recognition experiments with tetrabutylammonium acetate have shown that the [{R2Sn(L3-dtc)}2] macrocycles 6 and 7 might interact simultaneously with anions (AcO(-)), which coordinate to the tin atoms, and organic cations (TBA(+)), which accommodate within the hydrophobic cavity (ion-pair recognition).

DOI: 10.1021/ic8007987

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@article{CruzHuerta2008MacrocyclicDC, title={Macrocyclic diorganotin complexes of gamma-amino acid dithiocarbamates as hosts for ion-pair recognition.}, author={Jorge Cruz-Huerta and Manuel Carillo-Morales and Ericka Santacruz-Ju{\'a}rez and Ir{\'a}n Fernando Hern{\'a}ndez-Ahuactzi and Jaime Escalante-Garc{\'i}a and Carolina Godoy-Alc{\'a}ntar and Jorge Antonio Guerrero-Alvarez and Herbert H{\"{o}pfl and Hugo Morales-Rojas and Mario R. Sanchez}, journal={Inorganic chemistry}, year={2008}, volume={47 21}, pages={9874-85} }