Macrobotanical Remains from Wonderwerk Cave (Excavation 1), Oldowan to Late Pleistocene (2 Ma to 14 ka bp), South Africa

@article{Bamford2015MacrobotanicalRF,
  title={Macrobotanical Remains from Wonderwerk Cave (Excavation 1), Oldowan to Late Pleistocene (2 Ma to 14 ka bp), South Africa},
  author={Marion K. Bamford},
  journal={African Archaeological Review},
  year={2015},
  volume={32},
  pages={813-838}
}
  • M. Bamford
  • Published 7 November 2015
  • Environmental Science
  • African Archaeological Review
Wonderwerk Cave in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa has a record of occupation spanning some 2 million years, comprising flora, fauna and cultural artifacts and, therefore, potentially, has the most complete macrobotanical record associated with hominin/human activities. The flora is described here for the lower levels: the Oldowan Stratum 12 (ca. 2 Ma) to the Late Pleistocene Stratum 5 (ca. 14 ka). The older material includes calcified roots, leaf litter of small dicotyledonous twigs… 
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A charcoal study from the Middle Stone Age, 77,000 to 65,000 years ago, at Sibudu, KwaZulu-Natal
  • S. Lennox, L. Wadley
  • Environmental Science
    Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa
  • 2019
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References

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Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape Province (South Africa) is one of few sites in the subcontinent where fossil pollen has been preserved in Holocene cave floor deposits. With the exception of biogenic
Archaeological charcoal as a window on palaeovegetation and wood-use during the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu Cave
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Analysis of charcoal from Middle Stone Age layers in Sibudu Cave shows evidence for environmental change and wood selection during the Last Glacial. Layers analysed encompass the end of the cold
On a timescale for the past million years of human history in central South Africa : research article
Located between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape province of South Africa is Wonderwerk Cave, where excavations from 1978 to 1996 revealed a ~6-m depth of deposits made up of nine
Holocene Environmental Change at Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa: Insights from Stable Light Isotopes in Ostrich Eggshell
Sparse records and discontinuous and/or poor chronologically resolved data hinder construction of reliable palaeoenvironmental sequences for the interior of South Africa. Wonderwerk Cave occupies a
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