Machine translation of cortical activity to text with an encoder–decoder framework

  title={Machine translation of cortical activity to text with an encoder–decoder framework},
  author={Joseph G. Makin and David A. Moses and Edward F. Chang},
  journal={Nature Neuroscience},
A decade after speech was first decoded from human brain signals, accuracy and speed remain far below that of natural speech. Here we show how to decode the electrocorticogram with high accuracy and at natural-speech rates. Taking a cue from recent advances in machine translation, we train a recurrent neural network to encode each sentence-length sequence of neural activity into an abstract representation, and then to decode this representation, word by word, into an English sentence. For each… 

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