MULTICULTURALISM AND INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS: REGIONAL CASES comparative analysis of canadian multiculturalism policy and the multiculturalism policies of other countries

Abstract

Multiculturalism is an increasingly common characteristic of contemporary societies. In culturally diverse social contexts, virtually every person experiences intercultural contact on a daily basis. It is essential to understand that there must be both cultural diversity and equity in social participation for true multiculturalism to exist in these settings. Beyond its core definition, it is clear that multiculturalism is a complex concept encompassing many dimensions and meanings. First, the term is understood to describe a demographic fact, indicating the existence of cultural diversity in a society. Second, multiculturalism refers to the policies and programs that are in place to manage intercultural relations and acculturation. Third, multiculturalism refers to psychological phenomena, including individual attitudes and ideologies that accept or reject the demographic, civic and policy features of multiculturalism. This chapter considers Canadian multiculturalism policy, examining how the multiple meanings of multiculturalism vary around the world. Within this framework, I highlight the psychological processes and outcomes of multiculturalism, particularly in connection with acculturation, adaptation and intercultural relations and consider whether these processes and outcomes differ for dominant and non-dominant groups. I suggest some ways in which to enhance the positive outcomes of intercultural contact and the resultant acculturation outcomes. Finally, this chapter sets the stage for the presentation of the other chapters in this volume. It elaborates three Special iSSue “MulticulturaliSM and intercultural relationS: coMparative analySiS”

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Berry2016MULTICULTURALISMAI, title={MULTICULTURALISM AND INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS: REGIONAL CASES comparative analysis of canadian multiculturalism policy and the multiculturalism policies of other countries}, author={John Berry and coMparative analySiS}, year={2016} }