MRI characteristics and classification of peripheral vascular malformations and tumors

Abstract

Vascular malformations and tumors comprise a broad spectrum of lesions that can cause significant morbidity and even mortality in children and adults. Classification of vascular malformations into high flow and low flow has significant impact on management since the main treatment of the former is transarterial embolization and the later percutaneous sclerotherapy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive effective tool for imaging and classification of vascular malformations based on the presence of lobulated masses, signal voids, and hemodynamic flow characteristics. MRI also provides details about anatomic extent of the lesion, proximity to vital structures, and involvement of multiple tissue planes. The prototype of vascular tumors is infantile hemangioma with its typical involution after a proliferative phase during infancy. Hemangioma appears as a distinct intensely enhancing soft tissue mass with enlarged feeding arteries and draining veins. Less common vascular tumors include congenital hemangioma, kaposiform hemangioendothilioma, angiolipoma, angiosarcoma, and hemangiopericytoma.

DOI: 10.1007/s00256-008-0609-2

11 Figures and Tables

01000200020102011201220132014201520162017
Citations per Year

5,776 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 5,776 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Moukaddam2008MRICA, title={MRI characteristics and classification of peripheral vascular malformations and tumors}, author={Hicham A. Moukaddam and Jeffrey Pollak and Andrew H. Haims}, journal={Skeletal Radiology}, year={2008}, volume={38}, pages={535-547} }