author={Irene Akua Agyepong and Lenore Manderson},
  journal={Journal of Biosocial Science},
  pages={79 - 92}
Qualitative research and cross-sectional survey methods were used in a study conducted in rural and urban areas of the Greater Accra Region, Ghana, to explore people's understanding of the cause of malaria and patterns of mosquito avoidance, in particular bed net ownership and use. The study indicated far higher bed net ownership and use in rural than urban areas, which was related partly to perceived affordability and partly to the different contexts of and reasons for avoiding mosquitoes… 
Examining the determinants of mosquito-avoidance practices in two Kenyan cities
The findings illustrate that the poorest segments of society are already doing many things to protect themselves from being bitten, but they are doing less than their richer neighbours.
Determinants of Ownership and Utilization of Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets for Malaria Control in Eastern Ethiopia
The findings indicate low ITN ownership and utilization among the households and intensive health education and community mobilization effort should be employed to increase the possession and proper utilization of insecticide treated bed nets.
Household bednet ownership and use in Ghana: Implications for malaria control
The distribution of insecticide bednets has become a key malaria control strategy in endemic regions. The literature, however, points to a gap between availability and use. Using nationally
Adherence to the use of insecticide-treated bed nets by Nigerian children
This study evaluates the distribution of knowledge in the different domains of cause, transmission, risk perception, symptoms, and treatment of malaria and assesses the association between a caregiver’s correct malaria knowledge and ownership and use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) to protect children.
Assessing the ownership, usage and knowledge of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) in Malaria Prevention in the Hohoe Municipality, Ghana
Behaviour change communication strategies on ITN use may need to be further targeted to ensure full use of available ITNs among mothers with children under five in the Hohoe municipality.
Decreased motivation in the use of insecticide-treated nets in a malaria endemic area in Burkina Faso
The motivation for the use of bednets decreased after less than a year, and concerted efforts are required to change behaviour by providing accurate information, most particularly by convincing people that mosquitoes are the only source of malaria, whilst recognising that there are other diseases with similar symptoms, caused in other ways.
Community factors associated with malaria prevention by mosquito nets: an exploratory study in rural Burkina Faso
People are willing to treat existing nets and to buy ITNs, but only if such services would be offered at reduced prices and in closer proximity to the households, have practical implications for the design of ITN programmes in rural areas of sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA).
Studying physical and sociological environment of malaria to implement an indoor insecticide spraying campaign in Oueme region, Benin
The findings showed that the mosquito bite was the most feared (54.4%) for all districts and free distribution of insecticide treated nets was the strategy recommended for households of these types of habitat.
Utilization of insecticide treated bed net and associated factors among households of Kola Diba town, North Gondar, Amhara region, Ethiopia
House structure and knowledge about malaria transmission were found to be associated with insecticide-treated bed net utilization in Kola Diba town in 2017.
Insecticide treated nets use and its determinants among settlers of Southwest Ethiopia
This study in Southwest Ethiopia showed a high proportion of net ownership compared to a household survey from Ethiopia which included in the World Malaria Report and demonstrated there was still a gap between ownership and use of ITNs.


Evaluating the community education programme of an insecticide-treated bed net trial on the Kenyan coast.
The educational component of a randomized controlled community intervention trial of ITBN is described, with childhood malaria morbidity as an outcome, and the value of ongoing communication between programme planners and a target population in maximizing the effectiveness of messages and methods used is described.
Use of malaria prevention measures in Malawian households.
  • C. Ziba, L. Slutsker, L. Chitsulo, R. Steketee
  • Medicine
    Tropical medicine and parasitology : official organ of Deutsche Tropenmedizinische Gesellschaft and of Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit
  • 1994
Using household income and educational level of the household head were strongly correlated with use of commercial methods to prevent malaria; households with an income ranked moderate or greater were eight times more likely to have used a purchased product.
Use of insecticide-impregnated bed nets in Gambian primary health care: economic aspects.
Village-wide use of permethrin-impregnated bed nets, compared with placebo-treated nets, has reduced clinical attacks of malaria by 63% in the Gambia and the villagers' preferences for bed net fabrics and willingness to pay for them, and their preferences for various items of expenditure are given.
Implementing a nationwide insecticide-impregnated bednet programme in The Gambia.
Evaluation results showed that, overall, 83% of the bednets surveyed has been impregnated, and 77% of children under the age of five years and 78% of women of childbearing age were reported to be sleeping underImpregnated bednets.
Can rapid anthropological procedures be applied to tropical diseases
Although rapid assessment has certain shortcomings and does not obviate the need for long-term studies, it is argued that a mix of research methods, use of multidisciplinary teams and attention to contradictions within the study population will produce valid data in a relatively short time period.