MODELING THE ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS OF ASTRONAUTS FROM EXPOSURE TO LARGE SOLAR PARTICLE EVENTS

@article{Hu2009MODELINGTA,
  title={MODELING THE ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS OF ASTRONAUTS FROM EXPOSURE TO LARGE SOLAR PARTICLE EVENTS},
  author={Shaowen Hu and Myung‐Hee Y. Kim and Gene E. McClellan and Francis A. Cucinotta},
  journal={Health Physics},
  year={2009},
  volume={96},
  pages={465-476}
}
Radiation exposure from Solar Particle Events (SPE) presents a significant health concern for astronauts for exploration missions outside the protection of the Earth’s magnetic field, which could impair their performance and result in the possibility of failure of the mission. Assessing the potential for early radiation effects under such adverse conditions is of prime importance. Here we apply a biologically based mathematical model that describes the dose- and time-dependent early human… 
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TLDR
NASA's short‐term and career radiation limits for astronauts and methods for their application to future exploration missions outside of low Earth orbit are reviewed and current projections for lunar and Mars missions are described.
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TLDR
Using total doses, patterns of dose distribution, and dose rates that are compatible with potential astronaut exposure to SPE radiation, animals experienced significant toxicities that were qualitatively different from toxicities previously reported in pigs for homogeneously delivered radiation at similar doses.
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Using electron beam radiation to simulate the dose distribution for whole body solar particle event proton exposure
TLDR
The novel concept of using megavoltage electron beam radiation to more accurately reproduce both the total dose and the dose distribution of SPE protons and make meaningful RBE comparisons between protonsand conventional radiation is described.
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