author={Christina Mitsakou and Kostantinos Eleftheriadis and Christos Housiadas and Mihalis Lazaridis},
  journal={Health Physics},
Abstract— Depleted uranium is a low-cost radioactive material that, in addition to other applications, is used by the military in kinetic energy weapons against armored vehicles. During the Gulf and Balkan conflicts concern has been raised about the potential health hazards arising from the toxic and radioactive material released. The aerosol produced during impact and combustion of depleted uranium munitions can potentially contaminate wide areas around the impact sites or can be inhaled by… Expand
Short- and Long-Term Behavior of Depleted Uranium In the Environment of Southern Region of Iraq
The Iraqi environment had been extensively exposed to depleted uranium (DU) contamination in the course of military operation in 1991 and 2003. Burning of tanks and armored vehicles led to theExpand
Short-and Long-Term Behavior of Depleted Uranium In the Environment of Southern Region of Iraq
Synopsis: The Iraqi environment had been extensively exposed to depleted uranium (DU) contamination in the course of military operation in 1991 and 2003. Burning of tanks and armored vehicles led toExpand
Depleted uranium instead of lead in munitions: the lesser evil.
  • S. Jargin
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Journal of radiological protection : official journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
  • 2014
It is concluded on the basis of the literature overview that replacement of lead by depleted uranium in munitions would be environmentally beneficial or largely insignificant because both lead and uranium are present in the environment. Expand
A review of potential remediation techniques for uranium(VI) ion retrieval from contaminated aqueous environment
Abstract Uranium is known for its toxicity and has been a nuclear hazard. Its radioactive nature has made it a cause of lung and bone cancer. The uranium content in water bodies in several countriesExpand
Teratogenicity of depleted uranium aerosols: A review from an epidemiological perspective
The human epidemiological evidence is consistent with increased risk of birth defects in offspring of persons exposed to DU, and the possibility that DU is a teratogen is firmly supported. Expand
Ultra-wide-band EMI sensing for subsurface deplete uranium detection and classification
Depleted uranium (DU) is a byproduct of the uranium enrichment process and contains less than 0.3 % of the radioactive U-235 isotope. Since, the natural uranium has about 0.72 % of the uranium U-235Expand
Remediation of sites contaminated by radionuclides
Abstract: The same techniques commonly used for remediation of sites contaminated with metals can also be applied for sites contaminated with radionuclides. However, certain additional aspects haveExpand
Uranium(VI) Ions Removal from the Aqueous Environment: Current Treatment Technologies and Its Future Prospects
Pollution causes a significant change in the physico-chemical properties of air, water, and soil that may induce harmful impact and make potential hazards to all living beings. Pollution is one ofExpand
Depleted Uranium and Its Effects on Humans
The article summarizes contemporary scientific knowledge of depleted uranium effects on human health due to its use in military conflicts. The discussion covers cases of minimal risk due to externalExpand
Urânio Exaurido: Origem, aplicações e suas consequências
Depleted uranium is almost entirely composed of the 238U isotope (uranium-238) and is a residue of the enrichment or reprocessing process of natural uranium to obtain the 235U isotope (Uranium-235),Expand


The hazard posed by depleted uranium munitions
This paper assesses the radiological and chemical hazards resulting from the use of depleted uranium (DU) munitions. Due to the low radioactivity of DU, radiological hazards to individuals wouldExpand
Characterization of airborne uranium from test firing of XM774 ammunition
Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted experiments at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland, to characterize the airborne depleted uranium (DU) resulting from the test firings of 105-mm, APFSDS-T XM774Expand
The Health Hazards of Depleted Uranium Munitions Part I
The risks of radiologically induced cancer from DU are very low indeed, and that even if the estimated doses are a factor of 100 too low, detection of any excess of cancer in a group of 10,000 soldiers followed for 50 years is unlikely. Expand
The effect of temperature on the nature of oxide formed from uranium oxidizing in air is pronounced, there being an increase in particle size wtth increasing temperatare over the range 400 to 800 degExpand
Assessing the risk from the depleted uranium weapons used in operation allied force
The recent conflict over Kosovo raised concerns of radiological and toxic hazard posed by the alleged presence of depleted uranium in NATO weapons. In the present study some worst‐case scenarios areExpand
Modelling of aerosol processes in plumes
A modelling platform for studying photochemical gaseous and aerosol phase processes from localized (e.g., point) sources has been presented. The current approach employs a reactive plume model whichExpand
Aerosolization Characteristics of Hard Impact Testing of Depleted Uranium Penetrators
Abstract : This report documents the findings of studies to ascertain the amount of depleted uranium (DU) aerosolized by hard impact testing of DU penetrators and characterize the particle sizeExpand
Morphological Characteristics of Particulate Material Formed from High Velocity Impact of Depleted Uranium Projectiles with Armor Targets
Abstract : Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate the particles formed when depleted uranium projectiles (99.25 percent depleted uranium, 0.75 percent titanium) impact armor targets.Expand
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
European scale harmonized monitoring of atmospheric composition was initiated in the early 1970s, and the activity has generated a comprehensive dataset (available at whichExpand
Radioecology: nuclear energy and the environment
Radioecology is the field of study in which elements of physical and biological sciences are combined to pursue knowledge of radioactivity in the environment, including movement of radioactiveExpand