# MICHELL, LAPLACE AND THE ORIGIN OF THE BLACK HOLE CONCEPT

@article{Montgomery2009MICHELLLA, title={MICHELL, LAPLACE AND THE ORIGIN OF THE BLACK HOLE CONCEPT}, author={Colin Montgomery and Wayne Orchiston and Ian B. Whittingham}, journal={Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage}, year={2009}, volume={12}, pages={90-96} }

Black holes are fundamental to our understanding of modern astrophysics, yet the origin of this concept can be traced back to the writings of England’s John Michell and France’s Pierre-Simon Laplace in 1784 and 1796 respectively. Both independently postulated the existence of “non-luminous bodies”, and while Michell used graphical methods to explain his concept, Laplace published a mathematical ‘proof’ in 1799.

## 21 Citations

### Geodesic synchrotron radiation in black hole spacetimes: Analytical investigation

- PhysicsPhysics Letters B
- 2021

### The Rendition of Black Hole using Pattern Matching

- Physics, Education
- 2019

A black hole is a region of spacetime with gravitational pull so strong, that nothing—not even light and particles could escape from the pull. Since its discovery in the 18 century, scientists have…

### Black holes: do they exist?

- Physics
- 2018

Black holes entered scientific literature as early as at the end of eighteenth century. They had been known at that time as dark stars, but their concept did not find its way to physics or astronomy,…

### Cosmology and Unified Quantum Gravity Theory of the Universe

- Physics
- 2020

Abstract
The proposed quantum gravity theory predicts that all the physiochemical
changes of the universe are controlled by the interactions of
the different types of ‘GRAVITONS’ existing very…

### The Firewall Paradox

- Physics
- 2014

In this MSc. thesis, we have attempted to give an overview of the firewall paradox and various approaches towards its resolution. After an introductory chapter on some basic concepts in quantum field…

### The Firewall Paradox

- Physics
- 2014

In this MSc. thesis, we have attempted to give an overview of the firewall paradox and various approaches towards its resolution. After an introductory chapter on some basic concepts in quantum field…

### Are Black Holes 4-D Spatial Balls Filled with Black Body Radiation? Generalization of the Stefan-Boltzmann Law and Young-Laplace Relation for Spatial Radiative Transfers

- PhysicsJournal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology
- 2019

This is the first paper in a two part series on black holes. In this work, we concern ourselves with the event horizon. A second follow-up paper will deal with its internal structure. We hypothesize…

### SCHWARZSCHILD SOLUTION OF THE MODIFIED EINSTEIN FIELD EQUATIONS

- Physics
- 2017

A reformulation of the Schwarzschild solution of the linearized Einstein field equations in post-Riemannian Finsler spacetime is derived. The solution is constructed in three stages: the exterior…

### Illuminating black holes. Part 2: vortices, soap stars, and bubble galaxies

- Physics
- 2017

The addition of soap to vortexing water produces bubble structures around the vortices’ ‘throats’ that resemble galaxies of stars. Such soap-bubble models can be used to suggest the prediction that,…

### Gravitational waves without general relativity: A tutorial

- Physics
- 2017

This tutorial leads the reader through the details of calculating the properties of gravitational waves from orbiting binaries, such as two orbiting black holes. Using analogies with electromagnetic…

## References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 22 REFERENCES

### Pierre-Simon Laplace, 1749-1827

- Physics
- 1997

Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace was a French mathematician and astronomer whose work was pivotal to the development of mathematical astronomy and statistics. He summarized and extended the work of…

### JOHN MICHELL, THE PLEIADES, AND ODDS OF 496,000 TO 1

- Physics
- 2007

John Michell, M.A., B.D., F.R.S. (1724-1793), was the first scientist to apply statistics to the spatial distribution of the stars on the celestial sphere. He was the first to realise that certain…

### The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time

- Physics
- 1973

The theory of the causal structure of a general space-time is developed, and is used to study black holes and to prove a number of theorems establishing the inevitability of singualarities under certain conditions.

### John Michell and Henry Cavendish: Weighing the Stars

- PhysicsThe British Journal for the History of Science
- 1968

Newton wrote in the Principia that all bodies are to be regarded as subject to the principle of gravitation. Every body, however great or small, is related to every other body in the universe by a…

### John Michell and Black Holes

- Physics
- 1979

La priorite des travaux de M. et de Herscel sur la capture de la lumiere par gravite par rapport a ceux de Laplace.

### Pierre Simon Laplace, 17491827: A Determined Scientist

- History
- 2005

Often referred to as the Newton of France, Pierre Simon Laplace has been called the greatest scientist of the late 18th and early 19th Centuries. He affirmed the stability of the solar system and…

### Is there a Supermassive Black Hole at the Center of the Milky Way

- Physics
- 2008

This review outlines the observations that now provide an overwhelming scientific case that the center of the Milky Way harbors a supermassive black hole. Observations at infrared wavelength trace…

### VI. Catalogue of double stars

- PhysicsPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
- 1785

The great use of Double Stars having been already pointed out in a former paper, on the Parallax of the fixed Stars, and in a latter one, on the Motion of the Solar System, I have now drawn up a…