author={Michael Kimmel},
  journal={Gender \& Society},
  pages={261 - 283}
  • M. Kimmel
  • Published 1 September 1987
  • History, Sociology
  • Gender & Society
This article examines the variety of men's responses to feminism in late nineteenthand early twentieth-century United States through texts that addressed the claims raised by the turn-of-the-century women's movements. Antifeminist texts relied on traditional arguments, as well as Social Darwinist and natural law notions, to reassert the patriarchal family and to oppose women's suffrage and participation in the public sphere. Masculinist texts sought to combat the purported feminization of… 

Forks in the Road of Men’s Gender Politics: Men’s Rights vs Feminist Allies

How do men respond to feminist movements and to shifts in the gender order?  In this paper, I introduce the concept of historical gender formation to show how shifting social conditions over the past

“Changing men” and feminist politics in the United States

In recent years, U.S. men have responded to and at times initiated changes in the personal and social relations of gender. There is an increasing cultural preoccupation with men's roles as fathers.1

Feminist Men’s Movements: The White Ribbon Campaign (UK) and the Dilemmas of Feminist Men

  • Ana Jordan
  • Art, Sociology
    The New Politics of Fatherhood
  • 2019
This chapter examines feminist men’s movements and discusses key insights/debates from existing men’s movements scholarship. An in-depth analysis of the White Ribbon Campaign UK’s online materials

The new men’s movement: Retreat and regression with America’s weekend warriors

The “new” men’s movement, signaled by the popularity of works by Robert Bly and Sam Keen, and the hundreds of weekend “mythopoetic” retreats, indicates a growing restlessness among American men. This

Only God Knows the Opposition We Face: The Rhetoric of Nineteenth Century Free Methodist Women’s Quest for Ordination

Ellen Gorsevski, Advisor This study focuses on two prominent evangelists, Ida Gage and Clara Wetherald, who served as two of the earliest women delegates to the Free Methodist General Conference and

A left realist approach to antifeminist fathers’ rights groups

Despite earlier critiques of left realists’ failure to adequately address feminist concerns, recent left realist theorizing and empirical research have made valuable contributions to the

Masculinities in Cyberspace: An Analysis of Portrayals of Manhood in Men's Rights Activist Websites

A growth in cultural ideologies concerned with men and masculinities in contemporary American society has recently emerged. Men’s rights activist (MRA) groups embody a movement emphasizing the crisis

Masculinities, Crisis and Men’s Movements

  • Ana Jordan
  • Art, Sociology
    The New Politics of Fatherhood
  • 2019
This chapter analyses masculinity ‘in crisis’, an idea which has shaped, and been shaped by, men’s movements. Recurring crisis-of-masculinity narratives throughout history are discussed, suggesting

A Rhetorical Construction of Masculinities in the Letter of Jude

ABSTRACT It seems that the author of the Letter of Jude’s honour and authority was challenged by certain men in the Christian faith community, and therefore the letter should be read as a retort to

Between Women's Rights and Men's Authority

  • R. Wyrod
  • Sociology
    Gender & society : official publication of Sociologists for Women in Society
  • 2008
It is argued that a new configuration of gender relations is evident in urban Uganda—one that accommodates some aspects of women's rights while retaining previous notions of innate male authority.



Sons of Liberty: The Masculine Mind in Nineteenth-Century America

David G. Pugh examines the evolution and shape of the cult of masculinity in nineteenth-century America. The author contends that the men of the time had been cut loose from their traditional

Disorderly Conduct: Visions of Gender in Victorian America.

This first collection of essays by Carroll Smith-Rosenberg, one of the leading historians of women, is a landmark in women's studies. Focusing on the "disorderly conduct" women and some men used to

The Feminization of American Culture

The Feminization of American Culture is a significant study of the domination of late nineteenth-century American culture by a feminine ethic and spirit. As religion lost its hold on the public mind,


This article develops a cross-cultural and historical theory of antifeminist movements. Such movements are composed of two elements, which often involve very different types of people:

Men and Marriage

George Gilder claims that men will only fulfill their paternal obligations when women lead them to do so, and that this civilizing influence, balanced with proper economic support, is the most important part of maintaining a productive, healthy, loving society.

The myth of masculinity

In this book, Joseph Pleck examines and analyzes the full body of research literature on the male role that has appeared since the 1930s and subjects it to a devastating critique. He identifies the

Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality

This provocative anthology brings together a diverse group of well-known feminist and gay writers, historians, and activists. They are concerned not only with current sexual issues-abortion,

The Boy Scouts and the Validation of Masculinity

The success of the Boy Scouts of America in the early twentieth century can in part be understood in terms of increased concern over the maintenance of traditional concepts of masculinity. Adult men

In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women''s

Introduction 1. Woman's Place in Man's Life Cycle 2. Images of Relationship 3. Concepts of Self and Morality 4. Crisis and Transition 5. Women's Rights and Women's Judgment 6. Visions of Maturity

The Inevitability of Patriarchy

Author assumes physiological aspects of our being make us male and female. His thesis assumes male dominance is rooted in physiological differences between men and women. These physiological