MAVEN observations of the response of Mars to an interplanetary coronal mass ejection

  title={MAVEN observations of the response of Mars to an interplanetary coronal mass ejection},
  author={Bruce M. Jakosky and Joseph Grebowsky and Janet G. Luhmann and John E. P. Connerney and Francis G. Eparvier and Robert E. Ergun and Jasper S. Halekas and Davin Larson and Paul R. Mahaffy and James P. Mcfadden and David L. Mitchell and Nicholas M. Schneider and Richard W. Zurek and Stephen W. Bougher and David Andrew Brain and Y. J. Ma and Christian Xavier Mazelle and Laila Andersson and David J. Andrews and Darren T. Baird and Deborah Baker and J. M. Bell and Mehdi Benna and Michael Scott Chaffin and Phillip C. Chamberlin and Y.-Y. Chaufray and John T. Clarke and Glyn A. Collinson and Michael R. Combi and F. Crary and Thomas E. Cravens and Matteo M. J. Crismani and Shannon M. Curry and David W. Curtis and Justin I. Deighan and Gregory T. Delory and Ryan M. Dewey and Gina A. DiBraccio and Chuanfei Dong and Y. Dong and Patrick Dunn and Meredith K. Elrod and Scott L. England and Anders I. Eriksson and Jared, Randolph Espley and Scott Evans and Xiaohua Fang and Matthew O. Fillingim and Kier Fortier and Christopher M. Fowler and Jane L. Fox and Hannes Gr{\"o}ller and Scott D. Guzewich and Takuya Hara and Yuki Harada and Gregory M. Holsclaw and S. K. Jain and R. D. Jolitz and Francis J. LeBlanc and C. O. Lee and Y. Lee and Franck Lef{\'e}vre and Robert James Lillis and Roberto Livi and Daniel Y. Lo and Majd Mayyasi and William E. McClintock and Tess McEnulty and Ronan Modolo and Franck Montmessin and Michiko W. Morooka and Andrew F. Nagy and Kirk Olsen and W.K. (Bill) Peterson and Ali Rahmati and Suranga Ruhunusiri and Christopher T. Russell and Shotaro Sakai and J. A. Sauvaud and Kanako Seki and M. Steckiewicz and Michael H. Stevens and A. Ian F. Stewart and Arnaud Stiepen and Shane W. Stone and Valeriy Tenishev and Edward Michael Benjamin Thiemann and R. Tolson and Dominique Toublanc and Marissa F. Vogt and Tristan Weber and Paul Withers and Tom Woods and Roger V. Yelle},
Coupling between the lower and upper atmosphere, combined with loss of gas from the upper atmosphere to space, likely contributed to the thin, cold, dry atmosphere of modern Mars. To help understand ongoing ion loss to space, the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft made comprehensive measurements of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, and interactions with the Sun and solar wind during an interplanetary coronal mass ejection impact in March 2015. Responses include… 

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