MATING PROPENSITY AND COURTSHIP BEHAVIOR IN SERIALLY BOTTLENECKED LINES OF THE HOUSEFLY

@article{Meffert1991MATINGPA,
  title={MATING PROPENSITY AND COURTSHIP BEHAVIOR IN SERIALLY BOTTLENECKED LINES OF THE HOUSEFLY},
  author={Lisa M. Meffert and Edwin H. Bryant},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={1991},
  volume={45}
}
The efficacy of bottlenecks to stimulate divergence in courtship behavior and consequent premating isolation was tested by serial founder‐flush episodes of three sizes (one, four, or 16 pairs) on a population of houseflies established in the laboratory from a single field population. After the fifth founder‐flush episode, intraline and interline crosses were performed to detect divergence in mating propensities and patterns of assortative mating. Videotapings of intraline courtships for the… 

SERIALLY BOTTLENECKED LINES OF THE HOUSEFLY

This study documents nondebilitating differentiation in the courtship repertoire that can account for divergent mating propensities and premating isolation in houseflies.

Convergent evolution of the mating behaviour of founder‐flush populations of the housefly

This study demonstrates how convergent evolution can dissolve founder‐flush effects and shows significant evolutionary potential in courtship, along with homogamic and heterogamic preferences.

Bottleneck effects on genetic variance for courtship repertoire.

Nonadditive genetic effects on mating behavior may be important in structuring genetic variance for courtship, although most of the increases in genetic variance would be expected to reflect inbreeding depression with relatively rare situations representing the facilitation of speciation by bottlenecks.

DIVERGENT AMBULATORY AND GROOMING BEHAVIOR IN SERIALLY BOTTLENECKED LINES OF THE HOUSEFLY

The extent of genome‐wide restructuring predicted in bottleneck models of speciation is addressed in assays of non‐reproductive behavior in lines of the housefly, suggesting increased evolutionary potential for ritualization due to bottlenecks.

A direct experimental test of founder‐flush effects on the evolutionary potential for assortative mating

Multivariate analyses on the courtship repertoires found that, although both bottlenecked and nonbottlenecked treatments attained similar levels of assortative mating, the treatments exhibited different evolutionary solutions in their correlated responses, suggesting that the bottlenecked lines had greater potential for the evolution of novel phenotypes as predicted by founder‐induced speciation models.

A test of speciation via sexual selection on female preferences

It is suggested that the inability to achieve true reproductive isolation among some lines could have been due to low evolutionary potential in the ‘shape’ of courtship, as defined by the second principal component.

The genetic architecture of house fly mating behavior.

Testing alternative methods for purging genetic load using the housefly (Musca domestica L.)

It is suggested that the effectiveness of the alternative purge protocols depended upon the amount of genetic load already exposed, such that prolonged periods of relaxed or altered selection pressures of the laboratory rendered a population more responsive to purging protocols.

Reversed selection responses in small populations of the housefly (Musca domestica L.)

Evaluating the fitness of artificially and ‘naturally’ purging populations held at census sizes of 40 individuals over the course of 18 generations concludes that artificial selection bolstered fitness, but only in the short-term, because the inadvertent fixation of extant genetic load later resulted in pleiotropic fitness declines.

Captivity masks inbreeding effects on male mating success in butterflies

It is shown that a small decrease in mating success of captive inbred male butterflies in cages is greatly accentuated in conditions with unconstrained flight, showing that the behaviours underlying patterns of mating can be profoundly influenced by a history of inbreeding or by any restraining experimental conditions.
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