Nicotine as an Addictive Substance: A Critical Examination of the Basic Concepts and Empirical Evidence
The present review is a critical analysis of the concepts behind and the empirical data supporting the view that tobacco use represents an addiction to nicotine. It deals with general aspects of the…
Animal Experimentation: A Guide to the Issues
An essential book for all those who conduct animal-based research or are involved in education and training, as well as regulators, supporters, and opponents alike. This fully updated third edition…
Measuring merit in animal research
- ArtTheoretical medicine
This essay examines several conceptual, regulatory, and practical problems inherent in the merit review process and comments on legal and political questions relevant to the future of merit assessment are made.
The Significance of Alternative Techniques in Biomedical Research: an Analysis of Nobel Prize Awards
The current controversy over the use of animals in research has put the biomedical and psychological communities on the defensive. Their main defense has been to emphasize the health benefits to…
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Maternal behaviors played an important role in influencing infantile behaviors early in life by orienting the infant toward and maintaining the infant in contact with the mother's ventral surface, and manifestations of the infant-infant affectional system appeared and developed, and infant-Infant interactions within groups were observed.
Nature of love--simplified.
- PsychologyThe American psychologist
The cloth surrogate, beyond its power to measure the relative importance of a host of variables determining infant affection for the mother, exhibited another surprising trait, one of great independent usefulness, even though the cloth mother was inanimate.
The Nature of Love
Much as been written about Harry Harlow’s controversial use of rhesus macaques as experimental subjects in his research on mother-infant bonds. On August 31, 1958, Harlow presented the results of his…
isolation-reared monkeys (Macaca irus)
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Behavioral and pituitary-adrenal response during a separation period in infant rhesus macaques. Psychoneuroendocrin
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Early Social Deprivation in the Nonhuman Primates: Implications for Human Behavior
Contact Comfort: A Reconsideration of the Original Work
There appears to have been, no published formal replication of the 1958 work, and replication now may not be possible; the original data probably no longer exist, and published reports contain few details of methods or results.