MAP kinase kinase kinases and innate immunity.

Toll-like receptors, which respond to invariant microbial molecules, and receptors for the proinflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor and interleukin-1 are crucial for initiation and regulation of innate immune responses. These receptors activate each of the major mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase subtypes, extracellular signal-regulated protein… (More)