Müllerian Mimicry as a Result of Codivergence between Velvet Ants and Spider Wasps

@article{Rodriguez2014MllerianMA,
  title={M{\"u}llerian Mimicry as a Result of Codivergence between Velvet Ants and Spider Wasps},
  author={Juanita Rodriguez and J. Pitts and C. V. von Dohlen and Joseph S. Wilson},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2014},
  volume={9}
}
Recent studies have delineated a large Nearctic Müllerian mimicry complex in Dasymutilla velvet ants. Psorthaspis spider wasps live in areas where this mimicry complex is found and are phenotypically similar to Dasymutilla. We tested the idea that Psorthaspis spider wasps are participating in the Dasymutilla mimicry complex and that they codiverged with Dasymutilla. We performed morphometric analyses and human perception tests, and tabulated distributional records to determine the fit of… Expand
North American velvet ants form one of the world’s largest known Müllerian mimicry complexes
TLDR
The extent of the velvet ant mimicry complex beyond Dasymutilla is investigated by examining distributional and color pattern similarities in all of the 21 North American diurnal velvet ant genera, including 302 of the 361 named species, as well as 16 polymorphic color forms and an additional 33 undescribed species. Expand
Melanic variation underlies aposematic color variation in two hymenopteran mimicry systems
The stinging hymenopteran velvet ants (Mutillidae) and bumble bees (Apidae: Bombus spp.) have both undergone extensive diversification in aposematic color patterns, including yellow-red hues andExpand
Phenotypic analysis of aposematic conoderine weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Conoderinae) supports the existence of three large mimicry complexes
The Conoderinae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) are one of the most distinctive Neotropical weevil groups in behaviour and appearance, attracting numerous hypotheses regarding the evolution andExpand
The indestructible insect: Velvet ants from across the United States avoid predation by representatives from all major tetrapod clades
TLDR
Results indicate that the suite of defenses possessed by velvet ants, including aposematic coloration, stridulations, a chemical alarm signal, a hard exoskeleton, and powerful sting are effective defenses against potential predators. Expand
The golden mimicry complex uses a wide spectrum of defence to deter a community of predators
TLDR
This work reports a new multi-order mimicry complex that includes at least 140 different putative mimics from four arthropod orders including ants, wasps, bugs, tree hoppers and spiders and proposes that despite the predominance of less defended mimics the three predatory guilds avoid the mimics because of the additive influence of the various defensive traits. Expand
Müllerian mimicry in bumble bees is a transient continuum
TLDR
It is proposed that bumble bees are mimicking a perceptual colour pattern average that is evolutionarily transient, supporting the idea that mimicry is not discrete and exploring factors driving these differences such as mimicry selection dynamics and climate. Expand
A remarkable example of suspected Batesian mimicry of Gaboon Vipers (Reptilia: Viperidae: Bitis gabonica) by Congolese Giant Toads (Amphibia: Bufonidae: Sclerophrys channingi)
TLDR
It is proposed that the Congolese Giant Toad (Sclerophrys channingi), endemic to Democratic Republic of Congo, is a Batesian mimic of the geographically widespread Gaboon Viper (Bitis gabonica). Expand
Phylogeny and population genetic analyses reveals cryptic speciation in the Bombus fervidus species complex (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
TLDR
This analysis supports the hypothesis that there are two independent lineages of bumble bees within the North American Bombus fervidus species-complex and demonstrates the importance of obtaining a broad sample of multiple populations when conducting lower-level phylogenetic analyses. Expand
Shift in temporal and spatial expression of Hox gene explains color mimicry in bees
TLDR
The mechanism by which a bumble bee species can evolve intraspecific dimorphic red/black color patterns is described, showing that a cis -regulatory region between the Ho x genes abdominal-A ( abd-A ) and Abdominal - B ( Abd-B ) is responsible for the intrapecific divergence in the black form of the Pacific coastal bumble bees species Bombus melanopygus and the red form found in the intermountain west. Expand
Color lightness of velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) follows an environmental gradient.
Color traits are highly influenced by environmental conditions along the distributional range of many species. Studies on the variation of animal coloration across different geographic gradients are,Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES
Advergence in Müllerian mimicry: the case of the poison dart frogs of Northern Peru revisited
TLDR
This study test the evidence in support of advergence using a population genetic framework in two localities where R. imitator is sympatric with different model species, Ranitomeya ventrimaculata and Ran itomeya variabilis, and finds that the model species are as variable as R.Imitator. Expand
Phylogenetic Codivergence Supports Coevolution of Mimetic Heliconius Butterflies
TLDR
The results suggest that differences in within-species genetic divergence are the result of a greater overall effective population size for H. erato relative to H. melpomene and do not imply incongruence in the timing of their phylogenetic radiations. Expand
Historical demography of Mullerian mimicry in the neotropical Heliconius butterflies.
TLDR
Different demographic histories suggest that the wing-pattern radiations were not coincident in the two Müllerian comimetic butterfly species, and an earlier hypothesis that H. erato diversified first as the model species of this remarkable mimetic association is supported. Expand
Repeated evolution in overlapping mimicry rings among North American velvet ants.
TLDR
A large Müllerian mimicry complex in North American velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) is identified and it is found that 65 species in the velvet ant genus Dasymutilla can be placed into one of six morphologically distinct and geographically delimited mimicry rings. Expand
Molecular phylogenetic evidence for a mimetic radiation in Peruvian poison frogs supports a Müllerian mimicry hypothesis
TLDR
This work presents molecular phylogenetic evidence that the poison frog Dendrobates imitator mimics three different poison frogs in different geographical regions in Peru, providing the first evidence for a Müllerian mimetic radiation in amphibians. Expand
WING SHAPE VARIATION ASSOCIATED WITH MIMICRY IN BUTTERFLIES
TLDR
The study suggests that wing‐shape variation is associated with mimetic resemblance, and raises the intriguing possibility that the supergene responsible for controlling the major switch in color pattern between morphs also contributes to wing shape differences in H. numata. Expand
Genetics and the Evolution of Muellerian Mimicry in Heliconius Butterflies
TLDR
By hybridizing races of Heliconius melpomene and races of H. erato, it is shown that, as expected from the two-step theory, the races differ at a number of genetic loci, usually unlinked or loosely linked, including at least one mutant of major effect in each case. Expand
A comparative analysis of the evolution of imperfect mimicry
TLDR
It is shown that the most plausible explanation is that predators impose less selection for mimetic fidelity on smaller hoverfly species because they are less profitable prey items, which supports the relaxed-selection hypothesis and rejects several key hypotheses for imperfect mimicry. Expand
Wing patterning gene redefines the mimetic history of Heliconius butterflies
TLDR
A long-standing debate about the origins of the races within each species is resolved, supporting the hypothesis that the red-rayed Amazonian pattern evolved recently and expanded, causing disjunctions of more ancestral patterns. Expand
The key mimetic features of hoverflies through avian eyes
Batesian mimicry occurs when a palatable species (the mimic) gains protection from predators by resembling an unpalatable or otherwise protected species (the model). While some mimetic speciesExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...