Increased expression of perforin and granzyme B genes in patients with metastatic melanoma treated with recombinant interleukin-2
In this study we investigated the pattern of T lymphocyte changes in 16 adult patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (8), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (4) and Hodgkin's disease (4) treated with continuous infusion of recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2). Effects indicative of lymphocyte activation occurred even prior to any rIL-2 therapy in these patients, being most prominent in patients with active diseases. Following each course of cytokine therapy, there were further changes in these parameters. Significant rebound lymphocytoses occurred with a concomitant increase in the cytotoxic functions and induction of the cytotoxicity-linked cytoplasmic serine esterase. Hence, both the natural killer and lectin-dependent cellular cytotoxicity activities were up-regulated. There were also increases in the serum sIL-2 receptor, sCD4 and sCD8 levels. More CD3+ lymphocytes, especially cells bearing CD4, were also recruited to the pool of potential effector cells, as demonstrated by the greater proportion of cells expressing the cytoplasmic serine esterase.