Lymphatic anatomy and biomechanics.

@article{Negrini2011LymphaticAA,
  title={Lymphatic anatomy and biomechanics.},
  author={Daniela Negrini and Andrea Moriondo},
  journal={The Journal of physiology},
  year={2011},
  volume={589 Pt 12},
  pages={2927-34}
}
Lymph formation is driven by hydraulic pressure gradients developing between the interstitial tissue and the lumen of initial lymphatics. While in vessels equipped with lymphatic smooth muscle cells these gradients are determined by well-synchronized spontaneous contractions of vessel segments, initial lymphatics devoid of smooth muscles rely on tissue motion to form lymph and propel it along the network. Lymphatics supplying highly moving tissues, such as skeletal muscle, diaphragm or thoracic… CONTINUE READING