Luteotropic effects of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH): II. FSH luteinizing hormone, and prolactin effects on second messenger systems in the corpus luteum of the pregnant hamster.

Abstract

We have recently shown that FSH, LH, and prolactin (PRL)--alone or combined--act as luteotropins when incubated with luteal cells from pregnant hamsters (Yuan and Greenwald, Biol Reprod 1994; 51:43-49). The purpose of the present study was to determine which second messenger systems are affected by these hormones with progesterone (P4) synthesis as the principal endpoint after 4 h of incubation with 100,000 luteal cells. Luteal cells on Days 4, 10, or 12 of pregnancy were incubated with the following reagents: 10 ng of recombinant human FSH (r-hFSH), ovine (o) FSH, oLH, oPRL, forskolin, db-cAMP, protein kinase A inhibitor (PKI), protein kinase C activator (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate; PMA), or various combinations of the reagents. Forskolin and db-cAMP each stimulated P4 in a dose-dependent manner, while PKI significantly inhibited forskolin-, r-hFSH-, oFSH-, and oLH-stimulated P4 on Day 4 of pregnancy. PMA (0.001-1.0 microM) did not affect basal P4 on Day 4, 10, or 12 of pregnancy; however, 100 nM PMA inhibited db-cAMP-, forskolin-, oFSH-, and oLH-stimulated P4 synthesis on Days 4 and 12. The antagonistic effects of PMA were reversed in all cases by concurrent incubation with a PKC inhibitor, H-7. On Day 4 of pregnancy, P4 was stimulated by oFSH and oLH with the highest levels observed in medium stimulated by the luteotropic complex of oFSH, oLH, and oPRL. Recombinant hFSH enhanced P4 production in a dose-dependent manner; doses of 10 ng and above resulted in statistically significant differences from the control values (p < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Yuan1994LuteotropicEO, title={Luteotropic effects of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH): II. FSH luteinizing hormone, and prolactin effects on second messenger systems in the corpus luteum of the pregnant hamster.}, author={Weiping Yuan and George Greenwald}, journal={Biology of reproduction}, year={1994}, volume={51 3}, pages={472-9} }