Ampa Receptor Allosterism: Measurement of the Conformational Changes in the Ligand Binding Domain of a Functional Receptor
- Jennifer Gonzalez-McGehee, Surinder K. Batra
The apo state structure of the isolated ligand binding domain of the GluR6 subunit and the conformational changes induced by agonist binding to this protein have been investigated by luminescence resonance energy transfer (LRET) measurements. The LRET-based distances show that agonist binding induces cleft closure, and the extent of cleft closure is proportional to the extent of activation over a wide range of activations, thus establishing that the cleft closure conformational change is one of the mechanisms by which the agonist mediates receptor activation. The LRET distances also provide insight into the apo state structure, for which there is currently no crystal structure available. The distance change between the glutamate-bound state and the apo state is similar to that observed between the glutamate-bound and antagonist UBP-310-bound form of the GluR5 ligand binding domain, indicating that the cleft for the apo state of the GluR6 ligand binding domain should be similar to the UBP-310-bound form of GluR5. This observation implies that te apo state of GluR6 undergoes a cleft closure of 29-30 degrees upon binding full agonists, one of the largest observed in the glutamate receptor family.