Lumbar puncture and brain herniation in acute bacterial meningitis: a review.


There has been controversy regarding the risk of cerebral herniation caused by a lumbar puncture (LP) in acute bacterial meningitis (ABM). This review discusses in detail the issues involved in this controversy. Cerebral herniation occurs in about 5% of patients with ABM, accounting for about 30% of the mortality. In many reports, LP is temporally strongly… (More)