Lumbar intervertebral disk degeneration in elite competitive swimmers: a case control study.

@article{Kaneoka2007LumbarID,
  title={Lumbar intervertebral disk degeneration in elite competitive swimmers: a case control study.},
  author={Koji Kaneoka and Ken Shimizu and Mika Hangai and Toru Okuwaki and Naotaka Mamizuka and Masataka Sakane and Naoyuki Ochiai},
  journal={The American journal of sports medicine},
  year={2007},
  volume={35 8},
  pages={1341-5}
}
BACKGROUND The majority of orthopaedic problems experienced by competitive swimmers are related to pain in the shoulder, low back, and knee. Three of 39 national swim team members were hampered in their performance due to lumbar disk herniation at an international competition in 2001. There has been no previous research into lumbar disk degeneration in elite competitive swimmers. HYPOTHESIS Excessive competitive swimming activities accelerate lumbar disk degeneration. STUDY DESIGN Case… CONTINUE READING
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