Loyalty discounts, exclusive dealing and bundling: rule of reason, quasi-per-se, price-cost test, or something in between?

@article{Eilat2016LoyaltyDE,
  title={Loyalty discounts, exclusive dealing and bundling: rule of reason, quasi-per-se, price-cost test, or something in between?},
  author={Assaf Eilat and David Gilo and G. Sagi},
  journal={Journal of Antitrust Enforcement},
  year={2016},
  volume={4},
  pages={345-380}
}
The article reviews loyalty rebates, target rebates, exclusive dealing, and bundling, and argues that these are analogous practices that deserve similar competitive analyses and rules. In particular, in the case of all of these practices, at least some marginal units are typically sold below cost. The article shows that the analyses and rules that should apply to all of these practices ought not to depend on their labels, but rather on the monopoly power of the supplier engaged in the practice… Expand
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