Lower serum cytokine levels in smokers than nonsmokers with chronic schizophrenia on long-term treatment with antipsychotics

@article{Zhang2008LowerSC,
  title={Lower serum cytokine levels in smokers than nonsmokers with chronic schizophrenia on long-term treatment with antipsychotics},
  author={Xiang Yang Zhang and Lian Yuan Cao and Cai Fang Song and Gui Ying Wu and Dengzhao Chen and Ling Qi and Fan Wang and Mei Hong Xiu and Song Chen and Yingyang Zhang and Lin Lu and Therese A. Kosten and Thomas R. Kosten},
  journal={Psychopharmacology},
  year={2008},
  volume={201},
  pages={383-389}
}
Schizophrenia is associated with various abnormalities in the immune system. Suppression of inflammatory cytokines by cigarette smoke is well-established. The purpose of this study was to determine any differences in cytokine profiles in smokers and nonsmokers with schizophrenia and whether there were any relationships among altered cytokine profiles and psychopathological symptoms. Serum interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels were measured in 96 male… CONTINUE READING
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