Lower extremity functional neuromuscular stimulation in cases of spinal cord injury.

@article{Cybulski1984LowerEF,
  title={Lower extremity functional neuromuscular stimulation in cases of spinal cord injury.},
  author={G. R. Cybulski and Richard D. Penn and R J Jaeger},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={1984},
  volume={15 1},
  pages={132-46}
}
Functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) provides a mechanism for the activation of muscles paralyzed by injury to the spinal cord. Although this technique was first used to treat patients with spinal cord injury over 20 years ago, only recent advances in electronics and biomechanics have made it a promising aid for the rehabilitation of these patients. Thus far, restoration of palmar prehension and lateral prehension in quadriplegics and of standing and biped gait in paraplegics has been… CONTINUE READING

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