Lower Pliocene Hominid Remains from Sterkfontein

  title={Lower Pliocene Hominid Remains from Sterkfontein},
  author={Timothy C. Partridge and D. E. Granger and Marc W. Caffee and Ronald J. Clarke},
  pages={607 - 612}
Cosmogenic aluminum-26 and beryllium-10 burial dates of low-lying fossiliferous breccia in the caves at Sterkfontein, South Africa, show that associated hominid fossils accumulated in the Lower Pliocene. These dates indicate that the skeleton StW 573 and newly discovered specimens from Jacovec Cavern have much the same age: approximately 4 million years. These specimens are thus of an age similar to Australopithecus anamensis from East Africa. 

Paleoecological Reconstructions of the South African Plio-Pleistocene Based on Low-Magnification Dental Microwear of Fossil Primates.

Cercopithecines are common in hominid producing deposits and are a useful proxy for determining the ecological context of the early hominids. For this study, dental microwear is examined through

A deeper understanding of the stratigraphy of Sterkfontein fossil horninid site

In 1938, Basil Cooke published the first stratigraphic assessment of the Sterkfontein Australopithecus site. Since then, excavations have provided ever-broader and deeper insights into the complex

An early Australopithecus afarensis postcranium from Woranso-Mille, Ethiopia

A large-bodied specimen is described that is well within the range of living Homo and substantially antedates A.L. 288–1, establishing that bipedality in Australopithecus was highly evolved and that thoracic form differed substantially from that of either extant African ape.

Dating of the Sterkfontein hominids: progress and possibilities

The application in recent years of a variety of dating techniques to the Sterkfontein hominid deposits has yielded exciting results. A new magnetostratigraphy for the entire sequence awaits

New cosmogenic burial ages for Sterkfontein Member 2 Australopithecus and Member 5 Oldowan

The isochron burial dating with cosmogenic aluminium-26 and beryllium-10 is used to show that the breccia containing StW 573 did not undergo significant reworking, and that it was deposited 3.67 ± 0.16 million years ago, far earlier than the 2.2 million year flowstones found within it.

The third partial skeleton of a late Pliocene hominin (Stw 431) from Sterkfontein, South Africa §

The skeleton shows an interesting complex of primitive and derived features, throwing further light on the mosaic character of hominin evolution, and supports suggestions that the australopithecines, although adapted for bipedalism, were not consistent or obligate bipeds.

The Sterkfontein western breccias: statigraphy, fauna and artefacts

The Sterkfontein Caves are one of the dolomite cave systems located in Gauteng Province, South Africa. These caves are important to paleoanthropology because they have yielded a large number of

Sterkfontein at 75: review of palaeoenvironments, fauna and archaeology from the hominin site of Sterkfontein (Gauteng Province, South Africa)

Seventy-five years after Robert Broom’s discovery of the first adult Australopithecus in 1936, the Sterkfontein Caves (Gauteng Province, South Africa) remains one of the richest and most informative



Invited Contribution The new hominid skeleton from Sterkfontein, South Africa: age and preliminary assessment

A new hominid skeleton from Sterkfontein Member 2 attaches to foot bones recovered from loose blocks during the 1980s and first described in 1995. Several flowstone horizons are present above and

Re-appraisal of lithostratigraphy of Sterkfontein hominid site

A new lithostratigraphic classification is proposed for the Sterkfontein hominid site. The Sterkfontein Formation is defined in terms of constituent members and beds. The new terminology is

On the unrealistic 'Revised age estimates' for Sterkfontein : news and views

Berger et al. have recently claimed that the important early hominid-bearing deposits of Sterkfontein are much younger than previously thought. They attempted to demonstrate a new interpretation

First ever Discovery of a well-preserved Skull and Associated Skeleton of Australopithecus

Although 74 years have elapsed since the discovery at Taung of the first Australopithecus fossil, and despite intensive fieldwork in East Africa and 32 years of non-stop excavation at Sterkfontein,

Revised age estimates of Australopithecus-bearing deposits at Sterkfontein, South Africa.

The interpretation of the fauna, the archeometric results, and the magnetostratigraphy of Sterkfontein indicate that it is unlikely that any Members yet described from SterkFontein are in excess of 3.04 Ma in age, and it is suggested that Australopithecus africanus should not be considered as a temporal contemporary of Australopheticcus afarensis, Australopheses bahrelghazali, and Kenyanthropus platyops.

Stratigraphy, artefact industries and hominid associations for Sterkfontein, member 5.

A revised stratigraphy for the early hominid site of Sterkfontein (Gauteng Province, South Africa) reveals a complex distribution of infills in the main excavation area between 2.8 and 1.4 m.y.a, as

ESR dating studies of the australopithecine site of Sterkfontein, South Africa

The ESR dating of tooth enamel can be applied to sites with ages > 2 Ma, as long as the radiation dose rate is sufficiently low, and Alpha-spectrometric U-series analyses of one of the teeth suggests that U was continuously absorbed by the teeth during their burial history.


The concentrations of the cosmogenic radionuclides {sup 26}Al and {sup 10}Be in quartz can be used to date sediment burial. Here we use {sup 26} Al and {sup 10}Be in cave-deposited river sediment to

Pliocene−Pleistocene incision of the Green River, Kentucky, determined from radioactive decay of cosmogenic 26Al and 10Be in Mammoth Cave sediments

Cosmogenic 26Al and 10Be in sediments washed into Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, record the history of 3.5 m.y. of water-table position, governed by incision and aggradation of the Green River, a tributary