Lower Extremity Range of Motion in the Recreational Sport Runner

@article{Pink1994LowerER,
  title={Lower Extremity Range of Motion in the Recreational Sport Runner},
  author={Marilyn M. Pink and Jacquelin Perry and Peggy A. Houglum and Dennis J. Devine},
  journal={The American Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={1994},
  volume={22},
  pages={541 - 549}
}
The purposes of this study in the recreational runner were to describe and compare lower extremity sag ittal range of motion and vertical body displacement for slow and fast paces during treadmill and over ground running, and to compare timing of the running phases at the two paces. Vertical displacement of the body, and flexion and extension of the hip, knee, and ankle were measured with a motion analysis system at 200 hertz as the subjects self-selected the two paces. No statistically… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Electromyographic Analysis of Hip and Knee Musculature During Running
TLDR
Results demonstrated that medial and lateral vasti muscles acted together for knee extension during terminal swing and loading response, possibly providing a patella sta bilizing role.
A Comparison of an Integrated Three-dimensional Biomechanical Analysis of High-speed Incline and Level Treadmill running in Elite Football Players
TLDR
The results showed greater maximum knee flexion, ankle dorsiflexion, and total hip range of motion (ROM) in incline treadmill running compared to level running, which can be put in as a predesigned rehabilitation program for sprint training on a treadmill, especially for treadmills with adjustable gradients.
Acute lower extremity running kinematics after a hamstring stretch.
TLDR
A single session of 3 straight-leg raise hamstring stretches did not change pelvis, hip, or knee running kinematics during the swing phase of running.
Is Motorized Treadmill Running Biomechanically Comparable to Overground Running? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cross-Over Studies
TLDR
Spatiotemporal, kinematic, kinetic, muscle activity, and muscle–tendon outcome measures are largely comparable between motorized treadmill and overground running.
Advantages and Limitations of New Sports Prosthetic Components Developed for Running in Lower Limb Amputees
TLDR
Comparison of biomechanical parameters representing the functional benefits that result from the use of prosthetic components in lower limb amputees and non-amputees is compared.
Lower Extremity Stiffness Predicts Ground Reaction Force Loading Rate in Heel-Strike Runners.
TLDR
Increased lower extremity stiffness immediately following initial contact may expose heel-strike runners to higher vGRF loading rates.
Acute Effects of Heel-to-Toe Drop and Speed on Running Biomechanics and Strike Pattern in Male Recreational Runners: Application of Statistical Nonparametric Mapping in Lower Limb Biomechanics
With the increased popularity of running, many studies have been conducted into footwears that are highly related to running performance and running-related injuries. Previous studies investigated
Relationship Between a Lumbopelvic Stabilization Strength Test and Pelvic Motion in Running
TLDR
The relationship between pelvic motion and muscle function should be studied under a variety of olympic conditions to determine the relationship between lumbopelvic stabilization strength and pelvic motion during running.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES
Biomechanics of walking, running, and sprinting
  • R. Mann, J. Hagy
  • Biology, Engineering
    The American journal of sports medicine
  • 1980
TLDR
A biomechanical study of 13 runners demonstrated that the anterior compartment muscles of the calf undergo a concentric contracture at the time of initial floor contact during running and sprinting but undergo an eccentric contrac tion during walking.
The biomechanics of running: a kinematic and kinetic analysis.
  • S. Õunpuu
  • Engineering
    Instructional course lectures
  • 1990
TLDR
The biomechanics of running and emphasizes three-dimensional joint kinematics and kinetics requires an understanding of the mechanics of locomotion, which will allow more accurate diagnosis and ultimately better treatment of injuries.
Biomechanical studies of elite female distance runners.
TLDR
The experiments showed the elite women runners to be predominantly midfoot strikers and had greater relative bitrochanteric and bi-iliac crest widths but similar bispinous widths compared to the elite male runners, indicating the issue of male-female pelvic width differences at the elite level is not as simple as had previously been suggested.
Functional variability of the lower extremity during the support phase of running.
TLDR
The magnitude of the variability obtained for the parameters evaluated would seem to indicate a need for calculating representative or average values if subtle differences in lower extremity function are to be detected.
The synchronization of muscle activity and body segment movements during a running cycle.
TLDR
Locomotor patterns of running were studied using computerization to synchronize electromyography (EMG) and cinematography (CMG) and increased activity from semimembranosus and semitendinosus occurred with cessation of thigh flexion and leg extension prior to the subsequent heel strike.
The synchronization of muscle activity and body segment movements during a running cycle.
TLDR
Locomotor patterns of running were studied using computerization to synchronize electromyography (EMG) and cinematography (CMG) and increased activity from semimembranosus and semitendinosus occurred with cessation of thigh flexion and leg extension prior to the subsequent heel strike.
A cinematographic analysis of overground and treadmill running by males and females.
TLDR
For both males and females stride length decreased, stride rate increased, and the period of non-support was also significantly less when running on a treadmill as compared to running overground.
Some fundamental aspects of the biomechanics of overground versus treadmill locomotion
TLDR
It is concluded that as long as the beltspeed is constant a coordinate system should be used which moves with the belt and in such a system no mechanical difference exists in comparison with overground locomotion with respect to a fixed coordinate system.
Some fundamental aspects of the biomechanics of overground versus treadmill locomotion.
TLDR
It is concluded that as long as the beltspeed is constant a coordinate system should be used which moves with the belt, and no mechanical difference exists in comparison with overground locomotion with respect to a fixed coordinate system.
Biomechanics of overground versus treadmill running.
TLDR
The biomechanics of overground and treadmill running were compared using cinematographic methods to determine temporal factors and vertical and horizontal velocities of the center of gravity.
...
...