Low-temperature properties of triglyceride-based diesel fuels: Transesterified methyl esters and petroleum middle distillate/ester blends

  title={Low-temperature properties of triglyceride-based diesel fuels: Transesterified methyl esters and petroleum middle distillate/ester blends},
  author={Robert O. Dunn and Marvin O. Bagby},
  journal={Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society},
  • R. Dunn, M. Bagby
  • Published 1 August 1995
  • Chemistry
  • Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society
This work examines low-temperature properties of triglyceride-based alternate fuels for direct-injection compression-ignition engines. Methyl esters from transesterified soybean oil were studied as neat fuels and in blends with petroleum middle distillates (No. 1 or No. 2 diesel fuel). Admixed methyl esters composed of 5–30 vol% tallowate methyl esters in soyate methyl esters were also examined. Pour points, cloud points, and kinematic viscosities were measured; viscosities at cooler… 
Improving the low-temperature properties of alternative diesel fuels: Vegetable oil-derived methyl esters
This work explores near-term approaches for improving the low-temperature properties of triglyceride oil-derived fuels for direct-injection compression-ignition (diesel) engines. Methyl esters from
Thermal analysis of alternative diesel fuels from vegetable oils
The relatively poor cold-flow properties of monoalkyl esters of vegetable oils and animal fats (biodiesel) present a major obstacle to their development as alternative fuels and extenders for
Cold Flow Properties of Fatty Esters
Abstract This article is devoted to the study of cold flow properties of neat esters of branched chain alcohols with fatty acids and blends of these esters with fossil diesel fuel. According to
Low-temperature properties of alkyl esters of tallow and grease
The low-temperature properties of mono-alkyl esters derived from tallow and recycled greases were determined for neat esters and 20% ester blends in No. 2 low-sulfur diesel fuel. Properties studied
Branched-Chain Fatty Acid Methyl Esters as Cold Flow Improvers for Biodiesel
Biodiesel is an alternative diesel fuel derived mainly from the transesterification of plant oils with methanol or ethanol. This fuel is generally made from commodity oils such as canola, palm or
Effect of additives to improve the performance of biodiesel at low temperatures Evaluation of a novel type of chemistry to improve the Cold Filter Plugging Point of Fatty Acids Methyl Esters
Using several experimental techniques, such as differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermomiscroscopy and determination of cloud point (CP), pour point (PP) and cold filter plugging point (CFPP),
Renewable Low-viscosity Dielectrics Based on Vegetable Oil Methyl Esters
Vegetable oil dielectrics have been used in transformers as green alternatives to mineral insulating oils for about twenty years, because of their advantages of non-toxic, biodegradability, and


Methyl and ethyl soybean esters as renewable fuels for diesel engines
The primary problems associated with using straight soybean oil as a fuel in a compression ignition internal combustion engine are caused by high fuel viscosity. Transesterification of soybean oil
Variables affecting the yields of fatty esters from transesterified vegetable oils
Transesterification reaction variables that affect yield and purity of the product esters from cottonseed, peanut, soybean and sunflower oils include molar ratio of alcohol to vegetable oil, type of
The effects of vegetable oil properties on injection and combustion in two different diesel engines
Four different vegetable oils, each in at least 3 different stages of processing, have been characterized according to their physical and chemical properties, their injection and atomization
Investigation of soybean oil as a diesel fuel extender: Endurance tests
Engine performance and crankcase lubricant viscosity were followed with 1∶2 and 1∶1 fuel mixtures of degummed soybean oil in No. 2 diesel fuel in tests with a John Deere 6-cylinder, 404 cubic in.
Engine durability screening test of a diesel oil/soy oil/alcohol microemulsion fuel
A hybrid fuel and No. 2 diesel fuel were burned in direct-injection diesel engines to compare the effects of the fuels on engine durability. The hybrid fuel was a microemulsion of soybean oil, diesel
Canola and high erucic rapeseed oil as substitutes for diesel fuel: Preliminary tests
A cooperative project using the facilities of the POS Pilot Plant Corporation, the Saskatchewan Research Council and the Agricultural Engineering Department, University of Saskatchewan, and funded by
Winter rape oil fuel for diesel engines: Recovery and utilization
Although vegetable oil cannot yet be recommended as a fuel for general use, considerable progress in recovery and use of rapeseed oil (Brassica napus L.) for diesel operation has been made. Operation
Physical property and phase studies of nonaqueous triglyceride/unsaturated long chain fatty alcohol/methanol systems
ABSTRACT The physical properties of nonaqueous triglyceride/-unsaturated C18 fatty alcohol/methanol systems were studied to determine the suitability of six different fatty alcohols as solubility
Laboratory endurance test of a sunflower oil blend in a diesel engine
The effects of using a 25/75 blend (v/v) of alkali refined sunflower oil and diesel fuel in a direct-injection diesel engine were compared to a baseline test with diesel fuel. There were no