Low level exposure to cadmium increases the risk of chronic kidney disease: analysis of the NHANES 1999-2006

@inproceedings{Ferraro2010LowLE,
  title={Low level exposure to cadmium increases the risk of chronic kidney disease: analysis of the NHANES 1999-2006},
  author={Pietro Manuel Ferraro and Stefano Costanzi and Alessandro Naticchia and Antonio Sturniolo and Giovanni Gambaro},
  booktitle={BMC public health},
  year={2010}
}
BACKGROUND Environmental factors have been associated with the outbreak of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We evaluated the association of Cadmium (Cd) exposure with the risk of CKD in U.S. adults who participated in the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). METHODS 5426 subjects > or = 20 years were stratified for values of urinary and blood Cd and a multivariate logistic regression was performed to test the association between blood and urinary Cd, CKD and… CONTINUE READING

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