Low-latitude Aurorae during the Extreme Space Weather Events in 1859

  title={Low-latitude Aurorae during the Extreme Space Weather Events in 1859},
  author={Hisashi Hayakawa and Yusuke Ebihara and David Hand and Satoshi Hayakawa and Sandeep Kumar and Shyamoli Mukherjee and B.Veenadhari},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
The Carrington storm (1859 September 1/2) is one of the largest magnetic storms ever observed, and it caused global auroral displays in low-latitude areas, together with a series of multiple magnetic storms from 1859 August 28 to September 4. In this study, we revisit contemporary auroral observation records to extract information on their elevation angle, color, and direction to investigate this stormy interval in detail. We first examine the equatorward boundary of the “auroral emission with… 

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