Low-dose insemination--why, when and how.

@article{Lyle2005LowdoseIW,
  title={Low-dose insemination--why, when and how.},
  author={Sara K. Lyle and M S Ferrer},
  journal={Theriogenology},
  year={2005},
  volume={64 3},
  pages={572-9}
}
The typical dose for insemination into the uterine body of the mare is > 300 x 10(6) progressively motile spermatozoa (PMS) and an insemination dose of > 200 x 10(6) PMS is recommended for frozen-thawed semen. Low-dose insemination techniques allow for a drastic reduction in the numbers of spermatozoa required to achieve pregnancy. Acceptable pregnancy rates can be achieved with doses ranging from 1 to 25 x 10(6) PMS in volumes ranging from 20 to 1000 microL. Two techniques have been described… CONTINUE READING