Low accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography for detailed T staging in gastric cancer

Abstract

BACKGROUND The accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for preoperative staging of gastric cancer varies. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of EUS tumor (T) and node (N) staging, and to identify the histopathological factors influencing accuracy based on the detailed tumor depth of gastric cancer. METHODS In total, 309 patients with gastric cancer with confirmed pathological staging underwent EUS examination for preoperative staging at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Korea, between January and December 2009. The T and N staging of EUS and the pathologic report were compared. RESULTS The overall accuracies of EUS for T stage and the detailed T stages were 70.2% and 43.0%, respectively. In detailed stage, tumors greater than 50 mm in diameter were significantly associated with T overstaging (odds ratio (OR) = 2.094). The overall accuracy of EUS for N staging was 71.2%. Tumor size (20 mm ≤ size < 50 mm, OR = 4.389; and 50 mm ≤ size, OR = 8.170), cross-sectional tumor location (circumferential, OR = 4.381) and tumor depth (submucosa, OR = 3.324; muscular propria, OR = 6.923; sub-serosa, OR = 4.517; and serosa-exposed, OR = 6.495) were significant factors affecting incorrect nodal detection. CONCLUSIONS Careful attention is required during EUS examination of large-sized gastric cancers to increase accuracy, especially for T staging.

DOI: 10.1186/1477-7819-10-190

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@inproceedings{Lee2012LowAO, title={Low accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography for detailed T staging in gastric cancer}, author={Han Hong Lee and Chul Hyun Lim and Jae Myung Park and Yu Kyung Cho and Kyo Young Song and Hae Myung Jeon and Cho Hyun Park}, booktitle={World journal of surgical oncology}, year={2012} }