Low-Yield Earth-Penetrating Nuclear Weapons

  title={Low-Yield Earth-Penetrating Nuclear Weapons},
  author={Robert W. Nelson},
  journal={Science \& Global Security},
  pages={1 - 20}
  • R. W. Nelson
  • Published 1 January 2002
  • Environmental Science
  • Science & Global Security
Some senior members of the U.S. government and leaders of America's nuclear weapons labs have recently advocated that the U.S.A. develop a new generation of low-yield earth-penetrating nuclear weapons (EPWs) capable of destroying hardened and deeply buried targets. Because they are intended to detonate below ground and have substantially lower yields than typical weapons in the U.S. nuclear stockpile, it is often assumed that EPWs would produce "minimal collateral damage" and could even be used… Expand
The Threat of Low-Yield Earth-Penetrating Nuclear Weapons to Civilian Populations: Nuclear "Bunker Busters" and Their Medical Consequences
Proponents of a new generation of low-yield nuclear earth-penetrating weapons (EPWs), such as modified versions of the B61-11 currently in the US stockpile, claim that such weapons could be usedExpand
Does the United States Need to Develop a New Nuclear Earth Penetrating Weapon
Abstract : Potential adversaries of the US have hard and deeply buried targets (HDBTs) that prevent their centers of gravity from being held at risk. All US services currently have programs aimed atExpand
The B61-based "Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator:" Clever retrofit or headway towards fourth-generation nuclear weapons?
It is scientifically and technically possible to build an earth penetrating device that could bury a B61-7 warhead 30 meters into concrete, or 150 meters into earth, before detonating it. The deviceExpand
Nuclear “Bunker Busters” Would More Likely Disperse Than Destroy Buried Stockpiles of Biological and Chemical Agents
Using nuclear earth penetrators to attack hardened storage bunkers containing stockpiles of chemical or biological (CB) weapons would probably fail to kill or neutralize the agents. The explosion isExpand
Nuclear Weapon Initiatives: Low-Yield R&D, Advanced Concepts, Earth Penetrators, Test Readiness
Abstract : The Bush Administration completed its congress-mandated Nuclear Posture Review in December 2001. The review led to major changes in U.S. nuclear policy. It found that the United States'Expand
Effectiveness of Nuclear Weapons against Buried Biological Agents
This report describes the results of some calculations on the effectiveness of penetrating nuclear weapons of yield 1 and 10 kilotons against targets containing biological agents. The effectivenessExpand
O ct 2 00 5 The B 61-based “ Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator : ” Clever retrofit or headway towards fourth-generation nuclear weapons ?
It is scientifically and technically possible to build an ear th penetrating device that could bury a B61-7 warhead 30 meters into concret e, or 150 meters into earth, before detonating it. TheExpand
A Doctrine without Dogma
ABSTRACT In No Use: Nuclear Weapons and U.S. National Security Policy, Thomas M. Nichols calls for a constructive rethinking about the history of nuclear weapons and the attitudes that have grown upExpand
Conventional Counterforce Strike: An Option for Damage Limitation in Conflicts with Nuclear-Armed Adversaries?
China and some other nuclear-armed countries have become concerned about the development and deployment of U.S. conventional global strike systems that may permit damage limitation operations againstExpand
For many years, non-nuclear weapons states have sought binding commitments from nuclear armed states that they would not be the victim of either the threat or use of nuclear weapons—so-calledExpand


Atomic Audit: The Costs and Consequences of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Since 1940
Since 1945, the United States has manufactured and deployed more than 70,000 nuclear weapons to deter and if necessary fight a nuclear war. Some observers believe the absence of a third world warExpand
The Effects of Nuclear Weapons. Third edition
Since the last edition of ''The Effects of Nuclear Weapons'' in 1962 much new information has become available concerning nuclear weapon effects. This has come in part from the series of atmosphericExpand
The Consequences of "Limited" Nuclear Attacks on the United States
A n all-out nuclear war between the United States and the Soviet Union would destroy the urban areas of both countries and thereby the infrastructure that makes them modern industrial states. ThisExpand
The Effects of Nuclear Weapons
This book is a revision of "The Effects of Nuclear Weapons" which was issued in 1957. It was prepared by the Defense Atomic Support Agency of the Department of Defense in coordination with otherExpand
Caging the Dragon: The Containment of Underground Nuclear Explosions
The science of the containment of U.S. underground tests is documented through a series of interviews of leading containment scientists and engineers.
Explosive loading of engineering structures
Explosive loading of engineering structure , Explosive loading of engineering structure , کتابخانه دیجیتال جندی شاپور اهواز
Senate Bill Requires Study of New Nuclear Weapons.
  • The Washington Post
  • 2000
Bulson, Explosive Loading of Engineering Structures, E&FN SPON
  • 1997
Dowler and J . S . Howard II , “ Countering the Threat of the Well - armed Tyrant : A Modest Proposal for Small Nuclear Weapons
  • 1997
The Threats Go Deep.
  • Air Force Magazine (October
  • 1997