Low Temperature–Short Duration Steaming of Soil Kills Soil-Borne Pathogens, Nematode Pests and Weeds

@article{Loenen2004LowTD,
  title={Low Temperature–Short Duration Steaming of Soil Kills Soil-Borne Pathogens, Nematode Pests and Weeds},
  author={Mariska C.A. van Loenen and Yzanne Turbett and C. Mullins and N. Feilden and Michael J. Wilson and C. Leifert and W. Seel},
  journal={European Journal of Plant Pathology},
  year={2004},
  volume={109},
  pages={993-1002}
}
Agricultural soil samples containing survival structures of the fungal crop pathogens Verticillium dahliae, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Sclerotium cepivorum, Pythium ultimum, potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida and weeds Chenopodium album and Agropyron repens [Elymus repens] were treated in the laboratory with aerated steam at temperatures ranging from 40 to 80°C in a specially constructed apparatus. Steaming at 50 or 60°C for 3min, followed by an 8-min resting period in… Expand

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