Cx43 expressed on bone marrow stromal cells plays an essential role in multiple myeloma cell survival and drug resistance
- Jinxiang Fu
- Archives of medical science : AMS
Human bone marrow is a clinical source of autologous progenitor stem cells showing promise for cardiac repair following ischemic insult. Functional improvements following delivery of adult bone marrow CD34(+) cells into heart tissue may require metabolic/electrical communication between participating cells. Since connexin43 (Cx43) channels are implicated in cardiogenesis and provide intercellular connectivity in the heart, the authors analyzed the expression of 20 connexins (Cx) in CD34(+) cells and in monocytes and granulocytes in bone marrow and spinal cord. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) detected only low expression of Cx43 and Cx37. Very low level dye coupling was detected by flow cytometry between CD34(+) cells and other Cx43 expressing cells, including HL-1 cardiac cells, and was not inhibited by specific gap junction inhibitors. The results indicate that CD34(+) cells are unlikely to communicate via gap junctions and the authors conclude that use of CD34(+) cells to repair damaged hearts is unlikely to involve gap junctions. The results concur with the hypothesis that bone marrow cells elicit improved cardiac function through release of undefined paracrine mediators.