Love and work: An attachment-theoretical perspective.

  title={Love and work: An attachment-theoretical perspective.},
  author={Cindy Hazan and Phillip R. Shaver},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  • C. HazanP. Shaver
  • Published 1 August 1990
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
The possibility that love and work in adulthood are functionally similar to attachment and exploration in infancy and early childhood was investigated. Key components of attachment theory—developed by Bowlby, A insworth, and others to explain the role of attachment in exploratory behavior —were translated into terms appropriate to adult love and work. The translation centered on the 3 major types of infant attachment and exploration identified by Ainsworth: secure, anxious/ambivalent, and… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Attachment and exploration in adulthood.

The relationship between attachment and exploration in adulthood is examined from both theoretical and empirical standpoints and 4 studies are presented that document a link between adult attachment and achievement motives and achievement goals.

Attachment Theory and Research

Over the last 20 years, attachment theory has fostered considerable theoretical writing and research, with the vast majority of studies concentrating initially on infancy and early childhood. Both


The developmental insights of attachment theory as applied to children and adults suggest that insecure attachment correlates with relational difficulties over the course of time. Specifically,

Family and Work: Implications of Adult Attachment Styles

This study examined the role of adult attachment style in meeting the challenges of both work and family roles for parents of young children. Theory suggests that secure attachment provides a basis


Attachment theory states that the quality of interaction experienced in early childhood with primary caregivers contributes to form trust beliefs in adulthood. Securely attached individuals embrace

Dimensions of Adult Attachment, Affect Regulation, and Romantic Relationship Functioning

Recent research has suggested that adult attachment style, an orientation to relationships thought to be determined by child-hood relationships with parents and subsequent experiences with important

Attachment to God: The Attachment to God Inventory, Tests of Working Model Correspondence, and an Exploration of Faith Group Differences

Recent theoretical and empirical work by Lee Kirkpatrick and others has suggested that relationship with God can be fruitfully described as an attachment bond. However, this literature has been

A Review of Adult Attachment Measures: Implications for Theory and Research

There has been increasing interest in adult attachment from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. B ecause the test of a theory is based on our ability to assess theoretical constructs, the

Childhood Emotional Abuse and the Attachment System Across the Life Cycle: What Theory and Research Tell Us

  • Shelley A. Riggs
  • Psychology
    The Effect of Childhood Emotional Maltreatment on Later Intimate Relationships
  • 2019
The purpose of this article is to review the theoretical and empirical literature regarding the normative development of the attachment system from infancy through adulthood, and then discuss

The Relationship Between Interpersonal Attachment Styles and Work Difficulties

Hazan and Shaver (1990) have argued that attachment theory can be used to predict relationships between adult attachment types (love) and aspects of work behavior. They found that anxious/ambivalent



Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process.

This article explores the possibility that romantic love is an attachment process--a biosocial process by which affectional bonds are formed between adult lovers, just as affectional bonds are formed

Attachment Style as a Predictor of Adult Romantic Relationships

Questionnaire measures of attachment style, attachment history, beliefs about relationships, self-esteem, limerence, loving, love addiction, and love styles were administered to 374 undergraduates.

Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples.

Dimensions of attachment style were strongly related to how each partner perceived the relationship, although the dimension of attachment that best predicted quality differed for men and women.

Attachment as an Organizational Construct

Developmentalists have often conceptualized infant-adult ties in terms of an implicit trait construct evolved from the study of dependency. The major dimension of individual differences has been

Infant-mother attachment: factors related to its development and changes over time.

Ass assessments of attachment relationships in high-risk mother-infant pairs were conducted at 12 and 18 months and changes from secure to anxious attachments were characterized by initially adequate caretaking skills but prolonged interaction with an aggressive and suspicious mother.

A Biased Overview of the Study of Love

The field of relationship research is currently witnessing an explosion of interest in romantic love. Several theories have been proposed to explain various features of love. This article summarizes

Lovestyles and Attachment Styles Compared: Their Relations to Each Other and to Various Relationship Characteristics

Two studies were conducted to investigate the relative ability of Hendrick & Hendrick's (1986) measure of Lee's (1973) lovestyles and the Hazan & Shaver (1987) measure of attachment styles to predict

Attachment styles and fear of personal death: A case study of affect regulation.

The relation between attachment styles and fear of personal death was assessed. We classified a sample of Israeli undergraduate students into secure, ambivalent, and avoidant attachment groups and

Occupational experience and psychological functioning: An assessment of reciprocal effects.

It is argued that the relationships between occupational conditions and psychological functioning result from a continuing interplay between job and man, in which the effects of job on man are far from trivial.

A Secure Base: Parent-Child Attachment and Healthy Human Development

* Caring for children * The origins of attachment theory * Psychoanalysis as art and science * Psychoanalysis as a natural science * Violence in the family * On knowing what you are not supposed to