Loudspeakers Optional: A history of non-loudspeaker-based electroacoustic music

  title={Loudspeakers Optional: A history of non-loudspeaker-based electroacoustic music},
  author={Jason Long and Jim W. Murphy and Dale Anthony Carnegie and Ajay Kapur},
  journal={Organised Sound},
  pages={195 - 205}
The discipline of electroacoustic music is most commonly associated with acousmatic musical forms such as tape-music and musique concrète, and the electroacoustic historical canon primarily centres around the mid-twentieth-century works of Pierre Schaeffer, Karlheinz Stockhausen, John Cage and related artists. As the march of technology progressed in the latter half of the twentieth century, alternative technologies opened up new areas within the electroacoustic discipline such as computer… 
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