Lost populations and preserving genetic diversity in the lion Panthera leo: Implications for its ex situ conservation

@article{Barnett2005LostPA,
  title={Lost populations and preserving genetic diversity in the lion Panthera leo: Implications for its ex situ conservation},
  author={Ross Barnett and Nobuyuki Yamaguchi and Ian Barnes and Alan Cooper},
  journal={Conservation Genetics},
  year={2005},
  volume={7},
  pages={507-514}
}
Two of the eight recognized lion subspecies, North African Barbary lion (Panthera leo leo) and South African Cape lion (Panthera leo melanochaita), have become extinct in the wild in the last 150 years. Based on sequences of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region (HVR1) extracted from museum specimens of four Barbary and one Cape lion, the former was probably a distinct population characterized by an invariable, unique mtDNA haplotype, whilst the latter was likely a part of the extant… 

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