Lost-in-the-mall: False memory or false defense?

  title={Lost-in-the-mall: False memory or false defense?},
  author={Ruth A. Blizard and Morgan Shaw},
  journal={Journal of Child Custody},
  pages={20 - 41}
Abstract False Memory Syndrome (FMS) and Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) were developed as defenses for parents accused of child abuse as part of a larger movement to undermine prosecution of child abuse. The lost-in-the-mall study by Dr. Elizabeth Loftus concludes that an entire false memory can be implanted by suggestion. It has since been used to discredit abuse survivors’ testimony by inferring that false memories for childhood abuse can be implanted by psychotherapists. Examination of… 

False Memories And The Science Of Credibility: Who Gets To Be Heard?

  • M. SalterR. Blizard
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2022
The False Memory Syndrome Foundation (FMSF) was officially dissolved on December 31, 2019. The FMSF was launched in 1992 in the United States, with the stated aim of promoting awareness of a supposed

Deconstructing the lost in the mall study

Abstract In their frequently-cited “lost in the mall” study from two decades ago, Loftus and Pickrell claimed their findings “reveal that people can be led to believe that entire events happened to

Misperceptions and misapplications of research in family law cases: Myths of “Parental Alienation Syndrome” and implanted false memories

Abstract This introduction highlights the need for a special issue in the Journal of Child Custody on the misconceptions and misapplications of research within the family law arena. First, an

What science tells us about false and repressed memories

It is demonstrated that research has shown that about 30% of tested subjects formed false memories of autobiographical experiences, and that such false memories can even be implanted for negative events and events that allegedly occurred repeatedly.

Implanting false autobiographical memories for repeated events

The first proof of concept that false memories can be implanted for repeated autobiographical experiences using an adapted false memory implantation paradigm is presented, implying thatfalse memories for repeated events can been implanted in lab conditions, likely with the same ease as false memories for single events.

Técnicas de análisis de credibilidad del testimonio en adultos: una revisión breve

  • Santiago Amaya-Nassar
  • Perspectivas de investigación psicológica: aportes a la comprensión e intervención de problemas sociales
  • 2021
En procesos jurídicos, principalmente en el ámbito penal, la prueba testimonial es una de las pruebas de mayor uso para la toma de decisiones judiciales. Ante esto, se han desarrollado múltiples



“Are False Memories Permanent?”: An Investigation of the Long-Term Effects of Source Misattributions

The goal of the present research was to learn whether source misattributions found by Ceci, Huffman, Smith, and Loftus (1994) caused permanent memory alterations in the subjects tested.

The myth of repressed memory : false memories and allegations of sexual abuse

According to many clinical psychologists, when the mind is forced to endure a horrifying experience, it has the ability to bury the entire memory of it so deeply within the unconscious that it can

Deconstructing the lost in the mall study

Abstract In their frequently-cited “lost in the mall” study from two decades ago, Loftus and Pickrell claimed their findings “reveal that people can be led to believe that entire events happened to

A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies

This research demonstrates a useful procedure for systematically combining data that are not amenable to meta-analysis, and provides the most valid estimate of false memory formation and associated moderating factors within the implantation literature to date.

Deconstructing Rich False Memories of Committing Crime: Commentary on Shaw and Porter (2015)

Using alternative approaches that distinguish between false beliefs and memories, it is found 26-30% of subjects met the criteria for false memories and it is shown that laypeople’s understanding of remembering better aligns with the alternative coding approaches than with Shaw and Porter's results.

Creating Memories for False Autobiographical Events in Childhood: A Systematic Review

It is concluded that susceptibility to false memories of childhood events appears more limited than has been suggested and recommendations are made for presenting the results of these studies in courtroom settings.

The reality of repressed memories.

  • E. Loftus
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1993
There has been a rise in reported memories of childhood sexual abuse that were allegedly repressed for many years, and people with recently unearthed memories are suing alleged perpetrators for events that happened 20, 30, even 40 or more years earlier.

Is There Consensus About Children’s Memory and Suggestibility?

Commenting on Professor Cheit’s book, it is found that there is consensus in the field regarding a set of general principles, there is often room for disagreement in evaluating a particular case, and there is still much to be learned about how best to interview children when allegations of sexual abuse arise.

The Role of Mental Imagery in the Creation of False Childhood Memories

We investigated whether guided imagery instructions would increase the likelihood of false memory creation and of remembering previously unremembered true events. In three interviews, participants

Lost in the mall: misrepresentations and misunderstandings.

The partisan essay by Crook and Dean which appears in this issue ("'Lost in a Shopping Mall' -- A Breach of Professional Ethics") is disturbing not only because of its errors, exaggerations, and omissions, but because the quality of the argument makes one wonder whether these were innocent mistakes or a deliberate attempt to distort my work.